Persian

The Persian is a long-haired breed of cat characterized by its round face and shortened muzzle. Recent genetic research indicates that present day Persians are related not to cats from the Near East but to cats from Western Europe. The researchers stated, “Even though the early Persian cat may have in fact originated from ancient Persia, the modern Persian cat has lost its phylogeographical signature.
The first breed standard (then called a points of excellence list) was issued in 1889 by cat show promoter Weir. He stated that the Persian differed from the Angora in the tail being longer, hair more full and coarse at the end and head larger, with less pointed ears. Not all cat fanciers agreed with the distinction of the two types, and in the 1903 book “The Book of the Cat” Francis Simpson states that “the distinctions, apparently with hardly any difference, between Angoras and Persians are of so fine a nature that I must be pardoned if I ignore the class of cat commonly called Angora”.

Traditional Persian cat

The Traditional Persian cat also known as Doll Face Persian is considered as the original breed of Persian cat. The CFA however regulates the “flat faced” persian as the true breed and standard for this breed. This breed did not change its physical appearance but some breeders in America, Germany and Italy and other parts of the world started to interpret the standard differently.

Peke-face

In the late 1950s a spontaneous mutation in red and red tabby Persians gave rise to the “peke-faced” Persian, named after the flat-faced Pekingese dog. It was registered as a breed by the CFA but fell out of favor by the mid 1990s due to serious health issues. In fact, only 98 were registered between 1958 and 1995. Despite this, breeders took a liking to the look and started breeding towards the peke-face look. The over-accentuation of the breed’s characteristics by selective breeding (called extreme- or ultra-typing) produced results similar to the peke-faced Persians. The term peke-face has been used to refer to the ultra-typed Persian but it is properly used only to refer to red and red tabby Persians bearing the mutation. Many fanciers and CFA judges considered the shift in look “a contribution to the breed”

Himalayan

In 1950, the Siamese was crossed with the Persian to create a breed with the body type of the Persian but colorpoint pattern of the Siamese. It was named Himalayan, after other colorpoint animals such as the Himalayan rabbit. In the UK the breed was recognized as the Colorpoint Longhair. The Himalayan stood as a separate breed in the US until 1984, when the CFA merged it with the Persian, to the objection of the breed councils of both breeds. Some Persian breeders were unhappy with the introduction of this “hybrid” into their “pure” Persian lines.

Exotic Shorthair

The Exotic Shorthair is similar to the Persian in temperament and type, with the exception of its short, dense coat.
The Persian was used as an outcross secretly by some American Shorthair (ASH) breeders in the late 1950s to “improve” their breed. The hybrid look gained recognition in the show ring but other breeders unhappy with the changes successfully pushed for new breed standards that would disqualify ASH that showed signs of hybridization.
One ASH breeder who saw the potential of the Persian/ASH cross proposed and eventually managed to get the CFA to recognize them as a new breed in 1966, under the name Exotic Shorthair. Regular outcrossing to the Persian has made present day Exotic Shorthair similar to the Persian in every way, including temperament and conformation, with the exception of the short dense coat. It has even inherited much of the Persian’s health problems.

Popularity

The popularity of the Persian (blue line) in the UK has declined for the past two decades.
The Persian is the most popular breed of pedigree cats in the United States.[20] In the UK, registration numbers have dwindled since the early 1990s and the Persian lost its top spot to the British Shorthair in 2001. As of 2008, it was the 5th most popular breed, behind the British Shorthair, Siamese and Bengal. In France, the Persian is the only breed whose registration declined between 2003 and 2007, dropping by more than a quarter

Characteristics

A Grand Champion chocolate Persian
A show-quality Persian has an extremely long and thick coat, short legs, a wide head with the ears set far apart, large eyes, and an extremely shortened muzzle. The breed was originally established with a short muzzle, but over time, this characteristic has become extremely exaggerated, particularly in North America. Persian cats can have any color or markings including pointed, golden, tortoiseshell, blue, and tabby.
The Persian is generally described as a quiet cat. Typically placid in nature, it adapts well to apartment life. Himalayans tend to be more active due to the influence of the Siamese. One study compared cat owners’ perception of their cats and Persians rated higher than non-pedigree cats on closeness and affection to owners, friendliness towards strangers, cleanliness, predictability, vocalization and fussiness over food.

Origin

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Maine Coon


The Maine Coon is a breed of domestic cat with a distinctive physical appearance and valuable hunting skills. It is one of the oldest natural breeds in North America, specifically native to the state of Maine, where it is the official State Cat.

History

The generally-accepted theory among breeders is that the Maine Coon is descended from the pairings of local short-haired domestic cats and long-haired breeds brought overseas by English seafarers (possibly by Captain Charles Coon) or 11th-century Vikings. The connection to the Vikings is seen in the strong resemblance of the Maine Coon to that of the Norwegian Forest Cat, another breed that is said to be a descendant of cats that traveled with the Vikings.
The Maine Coon was denied provisional breed status—one of the three steps required for a breed not yet recognized by the CFA to be able to compete in championship competitions—by the CFA three times, which led to the formation of the Maine Coon Cat Club in 1973. The breed was finally accepted by the CFA under provisional status on May 1, 1975, and was approved for championship status on May 1, 1976. The next couple of decades saw a rise in popularity of the Maine Coon, with championship victories and an increase in national rankings. In 1985, the state of Maine announced that the breed would be named the official State Cat. Today the Maine Coon is the second most popular cat breed, according to the number of kittens registered with the CFA. The Persian is the first.

Description

Maine Coons are one of the largest breeds of domestic cat. Males weigh from 15 to 25 lb (6.8 to 11 kg) with females weighing from 10 to 15 lb (4.5 to 6.8 kg). The height of adults can vary between 10 and 16 in (25 and 41 cm) and they can reach a length of up to 40 in (100 cm), including the tail, which can reach a length of 14 in (36 cm) and is long, tapering, and heavily furred, almost resembling a raccoon’s tail. The body is solid and muscular, which is necessary for supporting their own weight, and the chest is broad. Maine Coons possess a rectangular body shape and are slow to physically mature; their full potential size is normally not reached until they are three to five years old, while other cats take about only one year.
In 2010, the Guinness World Records accepted a male purebred Maine Coon named “Stewie” as the “Longest Cat” measuring 48.5 in (123 cm) from the tip of his nose to the tip of his tail.
The Maine Coon is a longhaired, or medium-haired, cat. The coat is soft and silky, although texture may vary with coat color. The length is shorter on the head and shoulders, and longer on the stomach and flanks with some cats having a lion-like ruff around their neck. Minimal grooming is required for the breed, compared to other long-haired breeds, as their coat is mostly self-maintaining due to a light-density undercoat. The coat is subject to seasonal variation, with the fur being thicker in the winter and thinner during the summer. Maine Coons, due to their large size, have larger claws. There have been cases of Maine Coons using their claws to grip into walls.
Maine Coons can have any colors that other cats have. Colors indicating hybridization, such as chocolate, lavender, the Siamese pointed patterns or the “ticked” patterns, are unaccepted by breed standards. The most common color seen in the breed is brown tabby. All eye colors are accepted under breed standards, with the exception of the occurrence of blue-colored or odd-eyes (i.e., two eyes of different colors) in cats possessing coat colors other than white.

Temperament

Maine Coons are known as the “gentle giants” and possess above-average intelligence, making them relatively easy to train. They are known for being loyal to their family and cautious—but not mean—around strangers, but are independent and not clingy. The Maine Coon is generally not known for being a “lap cat” but their gentle disposition makes the breed relaxed around dogs, other cats, and children. They are playful throughout their lives, with males tending to be more clownish and females generally possessing more dignity, yet both are equally affectionate. Many Maine Coons have a fascination with water and some theorize that this personality trait comes from their ancestors, who were aboard ships for much of their lives. Maine Coons are also well known for yowling, chattering, chirping, “talking” (especially “talking back” to their owners), and making other loud vocalizations.


More information: http://www.mcbfa.org/breedinfo.html

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Ragdoll


The Ragdoll is a cat breed with blue eyes and a distinct colorpoint coat. It is a large and muscular semi-longhair cat with a soft and silky coat. Developed by controversial American breeder Ann Baker, it is best known for its docile and placid temperament and affectionate nature. The name “Ragdoll” is derived from the tendency of individuals from the original breeding stock to go limp and relaxed when picked up.

History

In the 1960s a regular non-pedigreed white domestic longhaired cat named Josephine, who had produced several litters of typical cats, was injured in an accident involving a car and taken to the veterinary hospital at the University of California. Josephine was of a Persian/Angora type and had litters sired by several unknown male Birman or Burmese-like cats, one of which had the Siamese point coloration. Baker believed that Josephine was subject to a secret government genetic experiment during treatment at the lab, and claimed that it made Josephine docile, relaxed when picked up, and immune to pain. After Josephine recovered, her next litter produced kittens with similar temperament. When the subsequent litter produced more of the same, Ann Baker (an established cat breeder) purchased several kittens from the owner, who lived behind her, and believing she had something special, set out to create what is now known as the Ragdoll. The breed was selectively bred over many years for desirable traits, such as large size, gentle demeanor, and a tendency to go limp when picked up, as well as the striking pointed coloration.
Baker, in an unusual move, spurned traditional cat breeding associations. She trademarked the name “Ragdoll,” set up her own registry—International Ragdoll Cat Association (IRCA)—and enforced stringent standards on anyone who wanted to breed or sell cats under that name. The Ragdolls were also not allowed to be registered in other breed associations. In 1975, a group led by Denny Dayton broke rank with IRCA with the aim of gaining mainstream recognition for the Ragdoll. This group eventually developed the Ragdoll standard currently accepted by major cat registries.

Temperament

The docile and floppy nature of the Ragdoll is a characteristic thought to be passed down from the Persian and Birman breed. There are contrary statements on whether this trait might be the result of genetic mutation. The extreme docility of some individuals has led to the myth that Ragdolls are pain-resistant. Some breeders in Britain have tried to breed away from the limpness due to concerns that extreme docility “might not be in the best interests of the cat”. There have been multiple reports of ragdolls nonchalantly approaching moving cars and vicious dogs and getting hurt.[citation needed] Breed standards describe the Ragdoll as affectionate, intelligent, relaxed in temperament, gentle and easy to handle.

Physical characteristics

The Ragdoll is one of the largest domesticated cat breeds with a sturdy body, large frame and proportionate legs. A fully-grown female weighs from 8 pounds (3.6 kg) to 15 pounds (6.8 kg). Males are substantially larger, ranging from 12 pounds (5.4 kg) to 20 pounds (9.1 kg) or more. The genes for point coloration are also responsible for the blue eyes of the Ragdoll. More intense shades of blue are favored in cat shows. Though the breed has a plush coat, it consists mainly of long guard hairs, while the lack of a dense undercoat results in, according to the Cat Fanciers’ Association, “reduced shedding and matting”. Mitted Ragdolls, which weren’t allowed titling until the ’08-’09 show season, will often be confused for Birmans. The easiest way to tell the difference is by size (the Ragdoll being obviously larger) and chin color (Ragdolls have white chins, while Birmans have colored chins), although breeders recognize the two by head shape and boning.
Ragdolls come in 6 different colors – seal, chocolate, flame, and the corresponding “dilutes” such as blue, lilac and cream. This also includes the tortoiseshell pattern in all colors and the three patterns. All Ragdoll kittens are born white. They have good color at 8 – 10 weeks and full color and coat at 3 – 4 years. There are three different patterns:
Pointed – One color darkening at the extremities (nose, ears, tail and paws)
Mitted – Same as pointed, but with white paws and abdomen. With or without a blaze (a white line or spot on the face), but must have a “belly stripe” (white stripe that runs from the chin to the genitals) and a white chin.
Bicolor — White legs, white inverted ‘V’ on the face, white abdomen and sometimes white patches on the back (Excessive amounts of white, or “high white,” on a bicolor is known as the Van pattern, although this doesn’t occur nearly as often as the other patterns).

Ragdoll Standard

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Oriental Shorthair

Description

The Oriental Shorthair is a member of the Siamese family. They can be found in solid colors (white, red, chocolate, cream, ebony, blue, lavender, cinnamon, or fawn), smoke (white undercoat to any of the above except white), shaded (only the hair tips colored), parti-color (red or cream splashes on any of the above), tabby (mackerel/striped, ticked, spotted, and blotched/classic), and bi-colored (any of the above, with white). In total, over 300 color and pattern combinations are possible.
In the Cat Fanciers’ Association, some of the pointed cats from Oriental Shorthair parents are considered any other variety (AOV), and depending on the pedigree, some compete as Colorpoints. In TICA, as well as in the majority of worldwide cat associations, these cats are considered to be and compete as Siamese.
Oriental Shorthairs, like any of the Siamese type, have almond-shaped eyes and a wedge-shaped head with large ears that fit in the wedge of the head. Their bodies are very elegant yet muscular. When seeing an Oriental Shorthair, one would never guess them to be as solid as they are.
The longhaired version of the Oriental Shorthair, the Oriental Longhair, simply carries a pair of the recessive long hair gene.

Origins

The Siamese cat was imported to Britain from Siam (Thailand) in the later half of the 1800s. According to reports, both pointed and solid colors were imported. The gene that causes the color to be restricted to the points is a recessive gene, therefore the general population of the cats of Siam were largely self (solid) colored. When the cats from Siam were bred, the pointed cats were eventually registered as Siamese the others were referred to as “non-blue eyed siamese” or foreign shorthair. Other breeds that were developed from the moggies of Siam include the Havana Brown and the Korat.
It was not until 1977 that the Oriental Shorthair was accepted for competition into the CFA. In 1985, the CFA recognized the bicolor oriental shorthair. The bicolor is any one of the accepted oriental shorthair color patterns with the addition of white to the belly, face, and legs/paws.

Training

Oriental cats are both very intelligent and playful. However, because of their playful nature, Oriental cats may present some difficulty when training. This is because it is challenging to keep an Oriental cat’s attention focused on a training program. To best train your Oriental cat, it is best if you use constant positive reinforcement.
A great trick to use when training an Oriental cat is to make training a part of playtime. By utilizing certain cat toys, you can entertain your cat while also teaching them a specific training activity. When training, don’t forget to use food-based treats as a reward for your cat’s good behavior. Constant positive reinforcement in the form of food is one of the most effective ways of training an Oriental cat.

More: http://petcareeducation.com/cat/oriental-cat-care/

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Sphynx


The Sphynx is a rare breed of cat known for its lack of a coat.
The contemporary Mutant breed of Sphynx started in 1966, in Roncesvalles, Toronto when a hairless kitten named Prune was born. The kitten was mated with its mother (backcrossing), which produced one more naked kitten.

Characteristics

The Sphynx appears to be a hairless cat, but it is not truly hairless. The skin texture resembles that of Chamois leather. It may be covered with vellus hair. Because the Sphynx cats have no pelt to keep them warm they huddle up against other animals and people. They even tend to cuddle up and sleep with their owners under the covers. Lack of coat makes the cat quite warm to the touch. Whiskers and eyebrows may be present, either whole or broken, or may be totally absent. The skin is the colour their fur would be, and all the usual cat marking patterns (solid, point, van, tabby, tortie, etc.) may be found on Sphynx skin.
Sphynxes generally have wedge-shaped heads and sturdy, heavy bodies. Standards call for a full round abdomen, also known as pot bellies.
Sphynxes are known for their extroverted behavior. They display a high level of energy, intelligence, curiosity, and affection for their owners.

Care

While Sphynx cats lack a coat to shed or groom, they are not maintenance free. Body oils, which would normally be absorbed by the hair, tend to build up on the skin. As a result, regular cleaning (usually in the form of bathing) is necessary; one bath a week is usually sufficient. Care should be taken to limit the Sphynx cat’s exposure to outdoor sunlight at length, as they can develop sunburn and skin damage similar to that of humans.
Although Sphynx cats are sometimes thought to be hypoallergenic due to their lack of coat, this is not always the case for cat-specific allergies. Allergies to cats are triggered by a protein called Fel d1, not cat hair itself. Fel d1 is a tiny and sticky protein primarily found in cat saliva and sebaceous glands. Those with cat allergies may react worse to direct contact with Sphynx cats than other breeds.
The Sphynx cat also appear to have more ear wax than most hairy domestic cats because they have little to no hair in their ears to catch and protect them from a build up of impurities in their ears, like dirt, skin oils (sebum), and ear wax which accumulates more frequently in the hairless sphynx breed. The Sphynx cats ears will need to be cleaned on a weekly basis, usually before bath time. The Sphynx breed also tends to accumulate oils and debris under their nails as well as the skin fold above the nail due to the lack of fur, so, like the ears, the nails and surrounding skin folds need to be cleaned properly as well. This is generally done at bath time along with a weekly nail clipping. The sphynx breed does require more grooming than a typical domestic cat with fur.

Health issues

The Canadian Sphynx is recognized by cat fancy associations as being a healthy robust breed. Lack of hair can cause health issues with kittens in the first weeks of life due to susceptibility to respiratory infections. Reputable breeders will not let their kittens go to new homes without being at least 12 weeks of age to ensure the kitten is mature enough to cope in a new environment. Due to their lack of protective fur, skin cancer may be a problem if exposed to sunlight for long durations of time.
The breed does have instances of the genetic disorder hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Studies are being undertaken to understand the links in breeding and the disorder.
Sphynx cats have particularly sensitive digestive systems, especially if they are small cats. It is not uncommon for them to have severe diarrhea for weeks at a time after the use of medication, anesthesia, or even diets of anything less than 80% protein. Even moving to new homes can sometimes set off digestive issues.
Sphynx cats can catch common feline diseases and should be immunized in the same way as cats of other breeds.

More info: http://www.cfa.org/client/breedSphynx.aspx

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10 Most Popular Cat Breeds in The World

Here are the top 10 breeds that you can choose from.


10. The Sphynx


The so called “Hairless cat” is a rare breed of cat known for its lack of a coat, which makes the cat quite warm to the touch. Sphynxes are known for their extroverted behavior. They display a high level of energy, intelligence, curiosity, and affection for their owners




9. The Oriental


This cat combines the Siamese body with a diversity of colorings and patterns – more than 300 color varieties and in two different hair lengths

Oriental Shorthairs are intelligent, social animals who bond very closely to their people. They are often inquisitive, friendly, emotional, demanding and often quite vocal. Their purr can be extremely loud when happy.


8. The American Shorthair


A very athletic cat, American Shorthair has a larger, leaner, and more powerfully built body than its relation, the British Shorthair. It is also known as a “working cat”.
American Shorthairs are a pedigreed cat with strict standards and a distinctive appearance, as set by the various Cat Fanciers’ Associations worldwide.

Originally known as the Domestic Shorthair, the breed was renamed in 1966 as the “American Shorthair” to better represent its “all-American” character and to differentiate it from other shorthaired breeds. The name “American Shorthair” also reinforces the notion that the American Shorthair is distinct from non-pedigreed, short-haired cats in the United States.

The American Shorthair is recognized in more than eighty different colors and patterns ranging from the brown-patched tabby to the blue-eyed white, the shaded silvers, smokes and cameos to the calico van, and many colors in between. Some even come in deep tones of black, brown, or other blends and combinations. The most well-known American Shorthair color today is the silver tabby, with dense black markings set on a silver background.

7. The Birman

The Birman is a domestic cat breed. Also called the “Sacred Cat of Burma”, it is not to be confused with the Burmese, which is a separate and dissimilar breed. The Birman has medium-long hair, a pale colored body and darker points with deep blue eyes. Even though the cat is pointed, the paws have white gloves.

Birmans have semi-long, silky hair, a semi-cobby body and relatively small ears compared to other cat races and a Roman nose. In order to comply with breed standards, the Birman’s body should be of an eggshell colour or golden, depending on the intensity of the markings colour. The markings can be pure seal, chocolate, blue, red, lilac or cream. Tabby variations are also allowed. Tortie cats can be seal, chocolate, blue or lilac. Birmans have sapphire coloured eyes.
The Birman’s coat is unusual due to the white ‘gloves’ on each paw. They are one of the few cat breeds in the colourpoint coat that has fingers and toes in pure white colour. The genetics of this feature may not be not fully clear, though a gene conferring the white ‘gloves’ has been identified.


6. The Ragdolls

The Ragdoll is a cat breed with blue eyes and a distinct colorpoint coat. It is a large and muscular semi-longhair cat with a soft and silky coat. It is best known for its docile and placid temperament and affectionate nature. The name “Ragdoll” is derived from the tendency of individuals from the original breeding stock to go limp and relaxed when picked up.



The Ragdoll is one of the largest domesticated cat breeds with a sturdy body, large frame and proportionate legs. A fully-grown female weighs from 8 pounds (3.6 kg) to 15 pounds (6.8 kg). Males are substantially larger, ranging from 12 pounds (5.4 kg) to 20 pounds (9.1 kg) or more. The genes for point coloration are also responsible for the blue eyes of the Ragdoll. More intense shades of blue are favored in cat shows.


5. The Abyssinian


The Abyssinian is a breed of domesticated cat with a distinctive ticked coat. There are many stories about its origins, often revolving around Ethiopia, but the actual origins are uncertain. The Abyssinian has become one of the most popular breeds of shorthair cat in the USA.

The Abyssinian has alert, relatively large pointed ears. The head is broad and moderately wedge shaped. Its eyes are almond shaped and colors include gold, green, hazel or copper. The paws are small and oval. The legs are slender in proportion to the body, with a fine bone structure. The Abyssinian has a fairly long tail, broad at the base and tapering to a point. The Abyssinian’s nose and chin usually form a straight vertical line when viewed in profile.

Abyssinians are extroverted, extremely active, playful, wilful and intelligent. They are usually not “lap cats”, being too preoccupied with exploring and playing. They are popular among breeders and owners, and can be very successful show cats. Not all Abyssinians are shown, however, because the color and type standards are very exacting, and because some are shy towards strangers and timid in public. They have quiet, engaging voices.


4. The Siamese


The Siamese is one of the first distinctly recognized breeds of Oriental cat. The origins of the breed is from Siam, Siam is known today as Thailand. In Thailand, where they are one of several native breeds, they are called Wichian Mat (a name meaning “moon diamond” ). In the 20th century the Siamese cat became one of the most popular breeds in Europe and North America.

Siamese are usually very affectionate and intelligent cats, renowned for their social nature. Many enjoy being with people and are sometimes described as “extroverts”. Often they bond strongly to a single person. Some Siamese are extremely vocal, with a loud, low-pitched voice – known as “Meezer”, from which they get one of their nicknames – that has been compared to the cries of a human baby, and persistent in demanding attention. These cats are typically active and playful, even as adults, and are often described as more dog-like in behavior than other cats.

3. The Exotic

The Exotic Shorthair is a breed of cat developed to be a shorthaired version of the Persian. They appeal to people who like the personality of a Persian but do not want the hassle of grooming a long-haired cat. The easier to manage coat has made some label the Exotic Shorthair the lazy person’s Persian. The Exotic Shorthair is similar to the Persian in many ways, including temperament and conformation, with the exception of the short dense coat. It has even inherited much of the Persian’s health problems.

Exotic Shorthairs have a gentle and calm personality reminiscent of the Persian, but are livelier than their longhaired ancestors. Curious and playful, they are friendly to other cats and dogs. They rarely meow. They don’t like being left alone, and need the presence of their owner (or of voices or smells reminiscent of their owner, such as a radio). They tend to show more affection and loyalty than most breeds and make excellent lap cats.


2 . The Maine Coon


The Maine Coon is a breed of domestic cat with a distinctive physical appearance and valuable hunting skills. It is one of the oldest natural breeds in North America, specifically native to the state of Maine, where it is the official State Cat.
Although the Maine Coon’s exact origins and date of introduction to the United States are unknown, many theories have been proposed. The breed was popular in cat shows in the late 19th century, but its existence became threatened when long-haired breeds from overseas were introduced in the early 20th century. The Maine Coon has since made a comeback and is now one of the most popular cat breeds in the world



Maine Coons are known as the “gentle giants” and possess above-average intelligence, making them relatively easy to train. They are known for being loyal to their family and cautious—but not mean—around strangers, but are independent and not clingy. The Maine Coon is generally not known for being a “lap cat” but their gentle disposition makes the breed relaxed around dogs, other cats, and children. They are playful throughout their lives, with males tending to be more clownish and females generally possessing more dignity, yet both are equally affectionate.


1. The Persian


The Persian is a long-haired breed of cat characterized by its round face and shortened muzzle. Its name refers to Persia, the former name of Iran, where similar cats are found. Recognized by the cat fancy since the late 19th century, it was developed first by the English, and then mainly by American breeders after the Second World War. In Britain, it is called the Longhair or Persian Longhair.

The Persian is the most popular breed of pedigree cats in the United States. In the UK, registration numbers have dwindled since the early 1990s and the Persian lost its top spot to the British Shorthair in 2001. As of 2008, it was the 5th most popular breed, behind the British Shorthair, Siamese and Bengal. In France, the Persian is the only breed whose registration declined between 2003 and 2007, dropping by more than a quarter.
The most popular varieties according to CFA registration data are Seal Point, Blue Point, Flame Point and Tortie Point Himalayan, followed by Black-White, Shaded Silvers and Calico Persians.

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Wolf Hybrid

Overview

Before purchasing a Wolf Hybrid it is extremely important to check State and Local laws. The Wolf Hybrid is typically referred to as “WolfDog”. They are a cross of an Arctic Wolf with a large dog breed.

Character

The Wolf Hybrid is generally well-proportioned and very large. They possess long limbs, are agile, and muscular. The face has the appearance of a Wolf with a long, tapering muzzle.

Temperament

The Wolf Hybrid is not recommended for inexperienced or timid owners. They are loyal, devoted, and family oriented. As a “pack” animal they do well with large sized dogs they have been raised with. They are not recommended for homes with small dogs, cats or other household pets. Wolf Hybrid’s are suspicious of strangers and will protect their family, property, and territory. The Wolf Hybrid is not recommended for homes with children.

Care

Regular brushing is recommended of the Wolf Hybrid. Dry-shampooing will suffice. They may be prone to hip dysplasia.

Coat

The coat of the Wolf Hybrid is dependent upon the breed of dog breed used. However, the Wolf has a double coat that is extremely dense.

Training

Early, intense, and ongoing socialization and obedience is crucial. The Wolf Hybrid will not respond to harsh or heavy-handed methods. Training must be done with respect, firmness, fairness, and consistency.

Activity

The Wolf Hybrid possesses high endurance and great energy. They are not recommended for apartment or city living. Wolf Hybrid’s do best in a securely fenced rural setting with ample room to roam and run.

Source : http://www.nextdaypets.com/directory/breeds/1100366/

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English Coonhound

Overview

The English Coonhound breed descends from Irish and French breeds brought to America. They were utilized to hunt fox by day and raccoon by night. The original Coonhounds were inadequate when hunting by American standards due to their inability to track quarry in trees. Therefore, the original breed was crossed with the Bloodhound to enhance their scent tracking ability. Today English Coonhound’s are used to track and hunt raccoon, oppossum, cougar, deer, boar, and bear.

Character

The English Coonhound is often described as a well-conditioned athlete. They move effortlessly and possess great endurance, vigor, and strength. This breed is capable of tremendous speed, is versatile, and highly competitive.

Temperament

Affectionate, assured, watchful, fearless, and loyal. The English Coonhound breed does best in packs rather than being the only dog. They get along with older, considerate children and other pets they have been raised with. The English Coonhound has a tendency to be high-strung, exuberant, and lively.

Care

Regular brushing with a firm bristle brush is recommended. Bathing should only be done when absolutely necessary. It is important to regularly check the ears and paw pads for debris. English Coonhound’s are prone to Hip Dysplasia.

Coat

The coat of the English Coonhound is stiff, harsh, and short.

Training

The English Coonhound requires early socialization. They do not respond to harsh or heavy-handed methods. Training must be done with firmness, fairness, patience, and consistency. The English Coonhound breed excels in performance, conformation, and field trial events.

Activity

A highly energetic breed, the English Coonhound is not recommended for city or apartment dwelling. They do best in a rural setting with an active owner. If they are excessively confined or become bored they will bay consistently and become destructive.

Source : http://www.nextdaypets.com/directory/breeds/1100101/

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Weimaraner

Overview

The Weimaraner is a centuries old breed from Germany. They are pointers and retrievers that possess many talents. The Weimaraner is utilized in various capacities such as police work, search and rescue, and tracking. This breed is athletic and moderately large.

Character

The Weimaraner is a versatile breed that has both the intellect and energy to accomplish almost anything. They are friendly, alert, and willing to please. The Weimaraner is muscular yet graceful in motion. They are generally gentle and protective companions.

Temperament

The Weimaraner is happy and cheerful, highly intelligent and loving. They can be very willful and opinionated. This breed exhibits a truly unique personality. They are passionate and reliable. The Weimaraner prefers to live inside as a member of the family. They require companionship and attention and do not like to be left alone for long periods of time. This breed gets along well with other dogs but not cats. They are not recommended for very young children or the elderly as they could easily knock them down. The Weimaraner is brave and loyal.

Care

The Weimaraner’s smooth, short coat is easy to care for. Brushing should be done with a firm bristle brush. They should only be bathed when absolutely necessary. They do well with occasional dry shampooing. They should have their feet and mouth inspected for damage after exercise or work sessions. The Weimaraner is prone to bloating, so small meals two times a day are best. They may suffer from hip dysplasia but are generally healthy.

Coat

The Weimaraner has a fine, short, sleek gray coat. The color ranges from a mouse gray to a silver gray. The distinctive color led to this breed being nicknamed the Silver Ghost or Gray Ghost. The Weimaraner’s coat color is a rarity among dog breeds.

Training

The Weimaraner is full of energy. They are eager to learn and please and are motivated by rewards such as treats or praise. This breed does not respond to harsh discipline and once mistrustful will avoid any and all further attempts of training. The Weimaraner excels at obedience, agility, hunting and showing.

Activity

The Weimaraner requires strenuous exercise and stimulation. They love to play ball, romp, hike, and hunt. They must have room to roam and be given many opportunities to release their energy. Therefore, a large yard is preferred and is best for them. They do not kennel well and are not a breed for owners who lead sedentary lifestyles. The Weimaraner must be given sufficient exercise to prevent them from becoming bored, barking excessively, or being destructive.

Source : http://www.nextdaypets.com/dogs/Weimaraner/

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Vizsla

Overview

The Vizsla is classified as a rare breed. They originated in Hungary in the 8th century as a hunting dog, although owning this breed was a symbol of aristocracy. They were nearly extinct after WWII. The Vizsla was revived by the Hungarians who smuggled their beloved breed out of the country for fear of them being desecrated.

Character

The Vizsla is a versatile gun dog that is able to work in the forest, field, and water. They excel in retrieving, and are capable of covering difficult terrain in extreme weather conditions. The Vizsla has an easygoing nature and is an excellent companion.

Temperament

The Vizsla is friendly, lively, and affectionate with their family and those they know. They are alert and watchful. They will bark when they sense danger or visitors. They are very reserved with strangers. The Vizsla is very demonstrative, but has a tendency to be willful and distracted. They get along well with older children and in most cases other dogs. They will tolerate cats they are raised with. The Vizsla loves to chew on anything and everything and is not a calm and placid breed. They will become destructive if they are allowed to be bored.

Care

The Vizsla’s coat requires very minimal care. They need to be brushed occasionally with a firm bristle brush and dry shampooed when necessary. Bathing should only be done with a mild soap so as not to strip the coat the protective oils. It is important to keep their nails trimmed. The Vizsla is generally healthy, but has a tendency toward hemophilia and hip dysplasia. They do not tolerate cold climates.

Coat

The Vizsla breed comes in two coat varieties: the Smooth and Wire. The Smooth is short, dense, close to the body, and shiny. There is no undercoat. The Wire is hard, harsh, and loose fitting. There is no gloss or shine. There is a winter under-coat and the hair is brush-like on the back of the forelegs, head, muzzle, and ears. The Vizsla coat colors range from golden to russet. They are average shedders.

Training

The Vizsla needs both socialization and obedience training at an early age. Owners of this breed must make their authority clear right from the start. They are eager to please and quick to learn. The Vizsla displays their talents in the areas of tracking, pointing, retrieving, and competitive obedience. Harsh methods of training will ruin this breed. They need firm, fair, and consistent training.

Activity

The Vizsla is an extremely active breed that requires strenuous activity daily. They thrive in a large fenced area or a leashed jog with their owner. They also require mental stimulation, such as play sessions with their family to ensure their happiness. They are not recommended for apartment dwelling due to their enormous stamina.

Source : http://www.nextdaypets.com/directory/breeds/1100267/

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Staffordshire Bull Terrier

Overview

Originating in England, the Staffordshire Bull Terrier was bred for bull, bear, and lion baiting. The aforementioned “blood-sports” were officially eliminated in 1835 when Britain introduced animal welfare laws. However, “blood-sport” proponents began using this breed for organized dog fighting. Today, with their “blood-sport” history behind them, this breed has become a stable and popular family pet.

Character

Often referred to as the Staffie, this muscular and stocky breed exudes strength, courage, and athletic ability. They are bold, tenacious, and alert. The Staffordshire Bull Terrier has a fearless, protective, and determined nature and is extremely agile. Their most distinguishing and striking features are their broad head and expressive face.

Temperament

Despite this breed’s beginnings, the Staffordshire Bull Terrier is renowned today for their reliability as a companion and family pet. They thrive on human contact and are extremely loving, devoted, and loyal. This breed is dependable gentle and reliable with children, and for this reason were nicknamed the Nanny Dog. They are exceedingly protective of their family and make excellent guardians and watchdogs. They are not suited for homes with other dogs or household pets they have not been raised with. The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is not recommended for the novice dog owner.

Care

This breed requires minimal grooming. An occasional firm, bristle brushing and bath will suffice. They do not tolerate cold climates but also have a tendency to become over-heated quickly. They are best suited as indoor pets. The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is prone to cataracts, hip dysplasia, luxating patella, and epilepsy. They are also very susceptible to fleas and ticks.

Coat

The Staffordshire Bull Terrier has a soft, sleek, dense, and short coat that lays close to the body. The color of the coat may be blue, brindle, black, red, or fawn. There may or may not be white markings. This breed is an average shedder.

Training

The Staffordshire Bull Terrier requires a dominant owner and needs early and intense socialization and obedience training. They are easily housetrained. It is absolutely crucial that all training of this breed be done in a positive, consistent, patient, and firm manner. They excel in agility and obedience competition and have had success as therapy dogs.

Activity

Due to their athletic nature, the Staffordshire Bull Terrier needs vigorous daily exercise. It is imperative that they be securely leashed or harnessed in all public outings such as walking, jogging, or hiking. They benefit from off-lead run time in a securely fenced yard and greatly enjoy play sessions with their family. The Staffordshire Bull Terrier will do okay in an apartment dwelling provided they are given sufficient exercise, companionship, and stimulation.

Source : http://www.nextdaypets.com/directory/breeds/1100257/

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Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier

Overview

Originating in Ireland, this breed was used as an all-purpose farmers’ dog. They were vermin killers, guard dogs, herders of sheep and cattle, hunters on land and in water, and a deterrent to trespassers. By 1932 this breed had nearly vanished, but were saved from becoming extinct by dog fancier Patrick Blake. The Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier is highly intelligent and extremely versatile. They are steadily gaining in popularity in the United States.

Character

The Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier is medium-sized, compact, agile, and powerful. They possess stamina, gameness, strength, and gaiety. This breed is more steady and stable than most terriers. They have not been overly refined and retain the many fine attributes they were originally developed with.

Temperament

A happy, well-balanced and friendly terrier, the Wheaten possesses grace and pride. They are self-confident, easy-going, and deeply devoted to their family. They get along well with older children and with dogs they have been raised with. This breed is not suitable for homes with cats or other small household pets. The Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier requires a great deal of effort and commitment and is not recommended for novice dog owners. This breed rarely barks, however, due to their size and loyalty they make an excellent dog for personal protection. They are very sensitive and reflect the moods of those around them.

Care

This is a high maintenance breed that requires daily combing to prevent mats and tangles. Professional trimming is needed four to six times per year. Bathing or dry shampooing should be done when necessary. It is important to clean and check the eyes and ears on a consistent basis. The Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier is prone to flea allergies, Addison’s disease, PLN, and PLE. They do not do well in hot climates.

Coat

The Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier’s coat is this breeds’ most distinguishing feature. It is medium long, abundant, soft, silky, and slightly wavy. Although they are a single coat breed, their hair continuously grows and provides insulation and protection. Puppies are born black, but at maturation the coat ranges from gold to reddish-gold to silver. This breed is low shedding.

Training

The Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier is typically independent and stubborn and requires a dominant owner. However, they are quick to learn and eager to please. Early socialization and basic obedience is recommended. Due to their sensitive nature they do not respond to harsh or heavy-handed training methods. They do best with patience, praise, consistency, firmness, and fairness. The Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier excels in agility and fly-ball competition and is used with great success as a therapy dog.

Activity

Athletic and energetic, the Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier enjoys many family activities such as hiking, play sessions, and walks. A securely fenced yard where they can romp and run is ideal. They will do well in an apartment or condominium dwelling provided they are sufficiently exercised and receive an appropriate amount of attention and stimulation.

Source : http://www.nextdaypets.com/directory/breeds/1100274/

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Silky Terrier

Overview

The Silky Terrier is intelligent, curious, and in constant motion. Originally developed in the 19th century in Australia. The Silky is compact but is light in build. They are a friendly and spirited breed. The Silky Terrier can be possessive with their family and property.

Character

The Silky Terrier is an excellent companion. This breed has a keen alertness and a true Terrier nature. They can, on occasion, exhibit defiance and stubbornness. They do not like to be left alone for extended periods of time and do best when someone is home for most of the day. The Silky makes an excellent watchdog.

Temperament

The Silky Terrier is generally happy and loves to play. They are bold in action and have a mischievous streak. This breed loves to dig and bark. The Silky is most suited for older, well-behaved children. They are extremely territorial and may exhibit aggression toward other dogs. They love to chase cats, so raising them with cats from puppy-hood is highly recommended.

Care

The Silky Terrier’s coat is highly susceptible to tangles and matting. They require daily brushing and combing. This breed requires a deep commitment from their owners. To keep the coat lustrous regular shampooing is necessary. The Silky is prone to several disorders including luxating patella, tracheal collapse, and epilepsy.

Coat

The Silky Terrier’s coat is virtually non-shedding and odorless. Their coat is one of the breed’s most prominent features. It is straight, silky, and shiny. Unlike the Yorkie, whose coat flows to the floor, the Silky coat is shorter and conforms to the shape of the body. The texture is much like human hair. The color of the coat may be blue and red, or blue and tan.

Training

This breed may be difficult to housebreak. They respond best to praise, reward, love and consistency. The Silky Terrier does well in obedience training provided the method used is not done using a choke collar. The Silky trachea is easily damaged. Training must be done firmly and fairly.

Activity

The Silky Terrier is a bundle of energy. They love to be given chances to run and play, but must have a tightly fenced yard. They also enjoy brisk walks and playing ball. The Silky is able to do well in an apartment, although they are also an active indoor breed. It is important they are kept busy and social to discourage boredom.

Source : http://www.nextdaypets.com/directory/breeds/1100251/

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Siberian Husky

Overview

The Siberian Husky originated in northeastern Siberia as an endurance sled dog. In 1909 large numbers of this breed arrived in Alaska to participate in sled racing. The Siberian Husky’s endurance, stamina, and strength quickly made them a popular breed in the Arctic region.

Character

The Siberian Husky is a compact and strong working dog. They are able to withstand temperatures as low as 75 degrees below zero, so are best suited for cooler to cold climates. They display a measure of dignity and reserve. The Siberian Husky is an amiable companion and willing worker.

Temperament

The Siberian Husky has an affectionate, gentle, and friendly disposition. They are alert and eager to please. They are highly intelligent and have an independent spirit, which can sometimes be a challenge to their owner. This versatile breed gets along very well with children and other medium sized dogs. However, their strong predatory instinct makes them dangerous to cats and other small pets. The Siberian Husky thrives in a family environment but does not become overly attached to one specific person. They will exhibit no fear or suspicion of strangers. They are not well suited for a two career family and require attention and companionship. They prefer to live in packs.

Care

The Siberian Husky is by nature clean and free from body odor. They require daily brushing to minimize excess loose hair, tangles, and mats. Bathing should only be done when absolutely necessary with a mild shampoo. The Siberian Husky is prone to hip dysplasia, cataracts, and skin allergies. It is extremely vital that they do not become overheated.

Coat

The Siberian Husky has a medium length double coat. The under coat is dense and soft in texture. The outer coat is longer and coarse with straight guard hairs. Their coat comes in a variety of colors and patterns. The most common colors are black and white, gray and white, copper red and white, and pure white. The facial markings include masks and spectacles. The Siberian Husky is a constant shedder that totally sheds the undercoat twice a year.

Training

The Siberian Husky is highly intelligent but has a mind of its own. They will only obey a command if they see the point of it. They respond best to patience, consistency, and fairness. They will quickly take advantage of an owner that doesn’t let them know who the boss is. They may be difficult to housebreak. The crate training method is recommended. They will do well with early obedience training.

Activity

The Siberian Husky has an innate and deep desire to run. They do best with a large securely fenced yard. If they are left alone for extended periods of time they will become bored which leads to digging and destruction. They make excellent walking and jogging companions provided they are very securely leashed and the climate is not too hot. The Husky is not recommended for apartment dwelling unless they are exceedingly well trained and sufficiently exercised.

Source : http://www.nextdaypets.com/directory/breeds/1100250/

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Shiba Inu

Overview

A very bold, lively and sweet dog, the Shiba Inu has won the hearts of many and has grown in popularity. This breed makes a good companion and does very well with children. Somewhat wary of strangers, but warms up quickly.

Character

This agile breed is playful and energetic. Lively, charming, and affectionate, this breed can also be independent while demanding attention from his master. The Shiba Inu should not be kept around small animals but can do well with cats.

Temperament

The Shiba Inu is intelligent, alert, and makes a good alarm dog at times. This breed can be prone to barking. This breed can prove to be a handful if not handled by an experienced owner as they tend to be willful.

Care

The Shiba Inu has a coat that is fairly easy to groom. Rubber brushing does well with the coat of this dog to remove dead and loose hair. Seasonally a heavy shedder, many owners rely on regular professional grooming to keep shedding to a minimum. Do not bathe this dog regularly as it will remove the waterproofing this breed retains.

Coat

The Shiba Inu has a thick double coat. Outercoat should remain stiff and straight. The undercoat should be soft and thick. This breed has bushy hair on its tail and its hind legs.

Training

This intelligent dog is pretty easy to housebreak, but obedience training should start at a young age. Being that this dog is high energy, they require a firm handler, and can be stubborn at times.

Activity

The Shiba Inu is not recommended for kennel life and should be kept as a member of the family as he loves attention. An average sized yard would suit this dog well; however regular walks can be sufficient.

Source : http://www.nextdaypets.com/directory/breeds/1100247/

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Shetland Sheepdog – Sheltie

Overview

Resembling a Miniature Collie, this breed is an absolute delight to own. Intelligent, sweet, gentle, making this dog a great companion animal. Throughout the years, this breed has become very popular and is said to have almost a human like intelligence. Sometimes wary of strangers, the Sheltie also loves to bark persistently.

Character

A sweet disposition, this loveable breed does have a very strong herding instinct often nipping at ankles and chasing cars. This is a home breed and should not be kept in a kennel like environment. The Shetland Sheepdog is very affectionate and lovely, yet can be protective of his owner and/or territory. This dog loves being an in-home companion and would gladly lie down on the couch next to his family.

Temperament

High energy, active, very trainable, this breed has a well-rounded and even temperament giving him the idealistics for a household pet. The Shetland Sheepdog does well with children, but children should be properly trained to handle a dog of any breed. Used as a watch dog, this gentle breed will not attack without being repeatedly provoked so does not do well for guarding. Great for herding, this dog is still commonly used for herding purposes in a country environment and does exceptionally well.

Care

Regular brushing is necessary to keep the coat smooth and free of tangles. The long coat of the Sheltie does tend to trap dirt so supervision is necessary unless regular bathing is not a problem. Heavily shedding during certain seasons, the hair can become a mess so grooming is particularly important during this stage.

Coat

The Shetland Sheepdog, better known as the Sheltie has a long double coat, sporting a frill around the neck area. The coat of the Sheltie needs extensive grooming on a regular basis.

Training

The Sheltie is very easy to train and does very well in obedience and herding given the right methods and trainer. Having a human like intelligence, Shetland Sheepdogs are willing to obey, and very eager to do so. Does very well in working environments being that the herding instinct is still very strong.

Activity

This high-energy breed should have regular exercise. Most prefer to allow their Shelties to run free but must be in a fenced in yard, as this breed loves to chase things and will surely bolt if given the opportunity and visual stimulation. An average sized yard would be ideal for this small yet lively breed.

Source : http://www.nextdaypets.com/directory/breeds/1100246/

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Scottish Terrier

Overview

The Scottish Terrier originated in Scotland and is considered to be the most ancient of any Highland Terrier. They are curious and playful, small and muscular. The Scottie makes a good companion for the right family. They have a compact and sturdy build.

Character

The Scottish Terrier exudes a bold and dignified manner. They do not give their love and devotion freely. This breed will typically watch their surroundings and those around them before making any decisions regarding them. The Scottie is extremely smart and independent.

Temperament

The Scottish Terrier will go anywhere and do anything. They have a dominant personality and a tendency to be territorial. The Scottie may show aggression to other dogs and cats if they are not socialized properly at an early age. They are good watchdogs and will not bark without good reason. They are not tolerant of unruly and rambunctious young children.

Care

The Scottish Terrier requires brushing twice weekly to keep the coat tangle free. They do require grooming and trimming to keep their distinctive look. The Scottie is highly prone to cancer of the bladder. They also may suffer from cataracts, hypothyroidism, and Von Willebrand Disease. This breed is especially sensitive to fleas and many have skin problems.

Coat

The Scottish Terrier’s coat is coarse with a soft and dense undercoat that provides protection from bad weather. The outer hair coat is hard and wiry and grows to approximately 2 inches in length. This breed is low shedding. The Scottie is most often black in color, but the coat may also be brindle, gray, sandy, and wheaten. They are never white.

Training

The Scottish Terrier does best with very early socialization training to avoid aggression to other dogs’ as they get older. Their strong independence presents a training challenge. The Scottie can be stubborn, so motivation, consistency, and positive praise are a must. They do very well in obedience and agility if the proper training techniques are utilized.

Activity

The Scottish Terrier is always ready for an adventure and activity. They require long walks, stimulation, and play. The Scottie does not do well in extremely warm climates. They love to play ball and derive great pleasure from playing fetch. They do well in apartment living provided they are exercised appropriately. The Scottie will become bored and destructive if they do not receive stimulation and exercise and may dig and bark excessively.

Source : http://www.nextdaypets.com/directory/breeds/1100237/

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Schnoodle

Overview

The Schnoodle is created by the crossing of two breeds: Schnauzer and Poodle. They are commonly referred to as “designer dogs” and are one of the most popular companion crosses.

Character

The ideal Schnoodle should be well-proportioned, squarely-built, and possess a sturdy athletic appearance. They should have a keen, bold, and lively expression.

Temperament

The Schnoodle is affectionate, loving, and devoted. They do best in a home with older, considerate children or children they have been raised with. They do well with dogs or non-canine pets they have been with since puppyhood. Schnoodle’s may not tolerate dogs or children they do not know. They do not do well if ignored or left alone for extended periods of time. Boredom or loneliness will lead to destructive behavior and incessant barking. They are highly suspicious of strangers and make excellent watchdogs.

Care

The Schnoodle requires frequent brushing to prevent matting and tangling and may also require professional clipping. Bathing should be done when necessary. It is important to keep the ears clean to prevent infection. They may be prone to such health issues as PRA, skin disorders, Von Willebrand’s Disease, diabetes, ear infection, epilepsy, and heart disease.

Coat

The coat of the Schnoodle may be wiry and coarse, curly, or a combination of both.

Training

Early socialization and obedience are a must. The Schnoodle may be stubborn and difficult to housebreak. The crate training method works best. They will not respond to harsh or heavy-handed methods. Training must be done with firmness, fairness, patience, and consistency.

Activity

The Schnoodle is highly energetic but will do okay in an apartment provided they are sufficiently exercised and mentally stimulated. Schnoodle’s are adept at learning tricks and enjoy agility, securely leashed walks, and off-lead play in a fenced yard.

Source : http://www.nextdaypets.com/directory/breeds/1100310/

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Samoyed

Overview

The Samoyed proves to be a friendly and gentle breed, warming up to almost anyone. Very easy going, sweet, and beautiful, this breed takes kindly to almost all people. This breed does not do well as a guard or watch dog, however is highly intelligent.

Character

This is a very peaceful breed that tends to be very active. Very loyal, the Samoyed usually favors his master but will be friendly to most people. A very sociable breed, he is not only beautiful but makes a wonderful companion.

Temperament

This dog has the tendency to bark quite a bit, and will alert you when someone is approaching. Does not do well with smaller and more passive animals, but can do well with cats and other dogs. The Samoyed is very friendly and does well with children.

Care

The Samoyed has a very thick coat, which requires much grooming. They shed heavily during warmer seasons and should be regularly brushed. The coat of this dog tends to trap dirt, but with regular brushing it should release easily.

Coat

The Samoyed has a long and thick double coat and requires a lot of grooming. The outercoat should be harsher than the undercoat, but still fairly soft. Undercoat should be short, thick, and should have wool like texture.

Training

This breed can be very willful and stubborn when it comes to obedience training but will do well with firm, consistent, and patient training techniques. Variety is best as Samoyeds can have a low attention span.

Activity

The Samoyed does best in cooler climates, but will do okay in warmer weather. Proper exercise is required as this breed can be lively, but proper water and rests must be given as this breed has a wooly coat.

Source : http://www.nextdaypets.com/directory/breeds/1100229/

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Saint Bernard – St. Bernard

Overview

The Saint Bernard is a very ancient breed that was founded in AD 980. The most popular use of these gentle giants is in the area of search and rescue. The Saint Bernards uncanny ability to sense imminent danger, coupled with their heightened abilities of smell and direction, make this breed a useful and trustworthy worker and companion.

Character

The Saint Bernard is extremely loyal and friendly. They are powerful and muscular but never ill natured. They are faithful, highly intelligent, and unassuming. The Saint Bernard is imposing in size but displays a mellow and benevolent demeanor.

Temperament

The Saint Bernard has a somewhat sorrowful expression, but is actually very good-natured. They are excellent with children and other animals. They have a protective instinct for their family and make excellent watchdogs. They are sensible and loving and make a great family pet. They may display stubbornness, so owners must be very patient. They thrive on high amounts of love and attention. The Saint Bernard is prone to anxiety if left alone for extended periods of time and may destroy their owner’s home and belongings.

Care

The Saint Bernard’s coat is shed twice a year. They require daily brushing with a firm bristle brush to keep hair around the home down to a minimal amount. Bathing should only be done when necessary using a mild shampoo to avoid stripping the coat of its essential oils. Their eyes and ears must be checked and cleaned regularly to keep them free of irritants. The Saint Bernard is prone to such health issues as wobbler syndrome, heart problems, skin disorders, and bloating. They have no tolerance for hot weather.

Coat

The Saint Bernard breed has two different coat varieties: the smooth or shorthaired, and the rough or longhaired. Both varieties of coat are extremely dense in texture and are water resistant. The coat of the Saint Bernard is typically white with tan, red, mahogany, black or brindle markings in various combinations. They are heavy shedders.

Training

The Saint Bernard must be socialized at an early age while they are still a manageable size. They have a strong desire to please their owner and will respond best to gentle, patient, firm, and consistent training. The Saint Bernard does well with elementary exercises and obedience such as heeling, sitting, and staying.

Activity

The Saint Bernard requires a moderate amount of outdoor exercise. It is important they do not become over-heated. They enjoy daily walks and play sessions. They are suitable for apartment living provided they are given frequent walks. They will enjoy a yard of any size but it must be securely fenced.

Source : http://www.nextdaypets.com/directory/breeds/1100227/

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