Top 9 most dangerous food for cats

If you want to keep your cat healthy then you know that good food is very important.
But what makes a healthy cat food? What kind of food is best for your cat? And what do you need to know about storing it?
Here’s what you need to know.

What is cat food made of?

In general, cat food made of water, proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals. Cats are meat eaters. They require two to three times the protein that omnivores, such as dogs or humans, do. Proteins are the basic building blocks for cells, tissues, and organs. They can be either animal-based (chicken, lamb, turkey, and fish) or plant-based (soy, vegetables, and cereals).
As strict carnivores, cats eat nutrients found in animals to meet their nutritional needs. That food contains high protein, moderate fat, and minimum carbohydrates. Cats’ bodies are adapted for metabolizing animal protein and fats. And animal-based proteins also contain complete amino acids — taurine, arginine, cysteine, and methionine. These are essential for cats, whose bodies don’t make them in the required amount.
Cats can not use efficiently the energy provided from carbohydrates. Their bodies need a steady release of glucose from protein.
Fat helps cats absorb fat-soluble vitamins and provide essential fatty acids – omega-6 fatty acids and omega-3 fatty acids.

Here is the list of most dangerous food never to feed your cats with.

Milk

You are really lucky if your pet has been drinking cow’s milk and had never had any problems.
Most cats are lactose- intolerant. They can not produce the enzyme lactose and can not break down the lactose in diary products.
Opposite to the popular opinion milk doesn’t sit well with cats, in spite of all the images we see of cats lapping up bowls of milk.
If you observe symptoms of diarrhea or dehydration, it is possible that your cat is lactose-intolerant. You should consider purchasing lactose-free brands of milk specially formulated for your cat.

Tuna

A little tuna is okay. However, if your cat has become a tuna addict, the consequences could be terribly unpleasant. Tuna contains extremely high levels of methyl mercury, especially the red tuna used in canned cat food. For a cat, too much tuna can lead to mercury poisoning.

And that’s not all – tuna canned in oil may also cause an illness called steatitis, or yellow fat disease, which involves inflammation of the fatty tissue in cats and is most often found in kittens. The oil in which the tuna is packed does not have the correct balance of antioxidants to polyunsaturated fats which leaves her susceptible to steatis. The symptoms of steatis include:
anorexia
pain in the chest and abdominal region
hard, painful lumps
fever
If you notice these symptoms, take your cat to the veterinarian for appropriate treatment. Never leave open containers of tuna on a countertop or in a place that is accessible to your cat.

Onions

Both raw and cooked onions contain N-propyl disulphide, a compound that, while harmless to humans, can destroy the red blood cells in cats, dogs, horses, sheep and cattle. The resulting condition is called Heinz body hemolytic anemia.

In a cat or other animal, red blood cells contain hemoglobin, which acts as a transporter for oxygen to the rest of the body. The amount of onion that can cause damage is dependent upon the size of the animal, but a small amount can damage these cells so badly that the body, receiving a decreased amount of oxygen, fails to function properly. Symptoms of anemia include:
decreased appetite
vomiting and/or diarrhea
depression
rapid heart and respiratory rate
weakness
blood in urine
pale mucous membranes
If you notice these symptoms, take your cat to the veterinarian.

Liver

In small amounts, liver is good for a cat, but too much of it can cause nutritional problems. Liver has a high amount of vitamin A. Consumption of this vitamin in large amounts can lead to vitamin A toxicity, which affects bones. Therefore, NEVER feed your cat any liver, raw or otherwise, if she is also on vitamin A supplements.

Symptoms of vitamin A toxicity include:
deformed bones
excessive bone growth on the elbows and spine
osteoporosis

If your cat is exhibiting any of these signs, rush her to the veterinarian. If left unchecked, death can result from vitamin A toxicity.

Fish (Raw)

There is an enzyme in raw fish called thiaminase that destroys thiamin, or vitamin B1.
Thiamin is essential to a cat’s well-being; the lack of it can lead to neurological disorders.
Symptoms of thiamin deficiency are mostly neurological. These include:
loss of weight and appetite
weakness
stupor
wobbly or uncoordinated movements

If left untreated, thiamin deficiency can lead to convulsions and coma. This is an urgent situation;
if you notice these symptoms in your cat, take her to the veterinarian .

Eggs (Raw)

While cooked eggs are high in protein and make an excellent treat, raw egg whites contain a protein called avidin,
which can deplete your cat of biotin, one of the B vitamins.
Symptoms of biotin-depletion include:
hair loss
dermatitis
growth retardation
If your cat is showing these symptoms, the situation is critical, and she should be taken to the veterinarian.

Dog Food

While dog food contains many of the same ingredients as cat food, never assume
that it is good enough. Only cat food is specially formulated to meet a cat’s nutritional needs.
Cats require more protein in their diet than dogs do, as well as more B vitamins, niacin, vitamin A and fatty acids.
Cats also require an amino acid called taurine, an essential part of their dietary makeup, as they cannot produce
this substance themselves.

Bones

Small bones can splinter when a cat chews them, poultry bones being the worst culprits.
These splinters can cut the inside of your cat’s mouth and throat, or get stuck on the way down and choke her.
Additionally, bones can cause obstructions or lacerations of the digestive system. Signs your cat may be choking include:
pale or blue gums
gasping
drooling
labored, loud breathing
pawing at face
loss of consciousness
Choking on a bone is a life-threatening situation. Try to remove the obstruction,
if you know how and it is safe to do so, and rush your cat to a veterinarian.
Seal off your garbage cans to ensure your cat doesn’t scavenge through the refuse for bony leftovers.

Chocolate

Theobromine, a substance present in chocolate and cocoa, is poisonous to animals.
It diminishes the blood flow to the brain and can cause heart attacks and a variety of other life-threatening problems.
An important rule to remember is that the darker the chocolate, the more theobromine it contains.
If you know your cat has eaten chocolate, contact your veterinarian immediately.
Fortunately, most cats are not so attached to chocolate that they will eat it in large quantities.
Many cats, however, will eat enough if curious, bored, or encouraged to do so because their well-meaning owners,
especially the younger members of the family, believe that they are giving their pet a treat. It is best to keep
chocolate out of the reach of children and their pets.

Source:
http://www.petco.com/
http://animal.discovery.com/

Facts for Cats – Part 2

 continued from Facts for Cats – Part 1

11. Cats sleep 16-18 hours a day. When not sleeping they are just lounging half of the time.

12. The oldest cat in the world had lived 34 years.

13. Among all mammals cats have the biggest eyes, compared to the rest of the body.

14. While sleeping the brain of the cats is just as active as while they are awake.

15. Even when sleeping cat can feel dangers.

16. Well fed cats are more successful in chasing mice because they are more patient.

17. Cats can see in the dark but can not recognize different colors.

18. Cats can run with speed 48 km/h.

19. Cats prefer living in homes with open doors.

20. The color of the dark spots of Siamese cat depends on the environment temperature. The spots are darker if they live in colder areas.

Part 3 coming soon.

Facts for Dogs – Part 1

Several facts for dogs you may not know

1. It is a myth that dogs see in white and black only. They can see all colors but not as clearly as people.

2. A couple of dogs and their puppies can have a generation of 66 000 dogs in 6 years.

3. The only place where dogs sweat is between the paws.

4. A one year old dog is physically as developed as a 15-year old kid.

5. Dogs raised in the city live averagely 3 years more than dogs raised in the country.

6. Three dogs are survivors after the Titanic sinking – а Newfoundland, a German Spitz and a Pekingese

7. Overweight is the biggest health problem among dogs.

8. The noses of dogs are unique as are human’s fingers.

9. Dogs do not have sense of time.

10. Rin Tin Tin is the first dog – Hollywood star. He signed 23 film contracts with it’s paw.

Part 2 coming soon…

Facts for Cats – Part 1

Some interesting facts for cats not everyone knows

1. While chasing their prey, cats hold their head in horizontal position at the same level, while dogs tilt theirs.

2. Every year about one million cats are being eaten in Asia.

3. The average cat sleeps about 16 hours a day. This means in 9 years a cat is awake only for 3 years.

4. In contrast to dogs, cats do not like sweet things. The scientists believe that this is caused by taste buds mutation.

5. Cats have the best hearing out of all animals.

6. A cat born with one blue eye is usually deaf with the near ear.

7. Cats are real baby-making machines. Just a couple of cats and their kittens can have generation of 420 000 cats in 7 years.

8. Not only the fingerprints are unique. In the cat’s body the nose is also unique in every single individual.

9. In the world exist more than 500 million domestic cats but only 40 cat breeds.

10. Cats make more than 100 different sounds while the dogs only 10.

Part 2

History of cats


Miacis

The history of cats begins about 60 million yeasr ago with the weasel-like Miacis. It is believed that this small predator is an ancestor of all now living predators, including dogs, bears, polecats and so on. About 10 million years later the Dinictis appeared – the earlies cat’s ancestor , that looked exactly like the modern cats. All now-a-days cats are it’s direct descendants. The family of the early cats developed in two separate branches – saber-toothed and pure cats. The saber-toothed were big and strong but with smaller brain.


Dinictis

They lived about 34 million years. They disappeared about 12 000 years ago. The group of the little cats differentiated about 12 million years ago. They inhabited Asia, Africa, North and South America and their variety fastly increased. The predecessor of our domestic pets – the wild cat and the other relatives appeard about 1,5 million years. All cats – small and big – originated from the small Miacis and the middle-sized Dinictis.

Now in the Felidae (the biological family of the cats; a member of this family is called a felid) exist 37 felids. Out of the domestic cats in the group of the small cats(Subfamily Felinae) also belong the African Golden Cat, the Puma, the Wildcat, the Sand Cat, the Serval, Ocelot (Leopardus) and others. The group of the big cats (Subfamily Pantherinae) includes Lion (Panthera leo), Jaguar (Panthera onca), Leopard (Panthera pardus), Tiger (Panthera tigris).


Lion

The beginning of the co-living between the man and the cats is not exactly found. The earliest data of that kind is the Ancient Egyptians attempts to domesticate wild cats about 4000 B.C. Out of that recent researches found ancient tombs with skeletons belonging not only to human beings, but also to cats. These tombs are found in Cyprus and dated about 7500 B.C.

Today the cats are among the most common pets. About 1% of them are pure breeds and the other 99% are crosses between diffrent breeds – mostly the domestic long-haired and short-haired cats.


Domestic cat

The ancient egypteans worshiped the cats believing that they are materialization of the godess Bast (Bastet or Thet). The punishment for killing a cat was death and sometimes the cat’s body was mummified like a man’s body.

In the Middle Ages were believed to be fellows of witches and sometimes were burn alive, thrown from high buildings or just killed, anathematized by the Pope. As a result the rat’s population increased and that led to easily spread of the plague.

Today the black cats are still believed to bring bad luck, but this is not so common. They are one of our favorite pets and bring us a lot of pleasure and happy moments.


domestic cat

Latest cat breeds articles

Choosing a cat

The act of buying a cat should be very carefully considered. Taking a cat and later realizing that you can not take care of it for a reason would be very irresponsible. If you have already decided , you have to think about the breed and the coat color that you prefer. Every breed has its own advantages and disadvantages. It depends on which cat will be most appropriate for you and your family. Long-haired cat breeds should be brushed up every day and if you do not have time for this, you’d better choose another one. Cats like Syamese, Oriental, Burmese, Abyssinian and Blue russian do not need daily brushing, but they are very much different from the calm and patient Persians. Cats of these breeds need a close contact with their human master, and you will have to play with them more often. Otherwise they will estrange and cause you worries. They also become more prone to diseases. Short-haired breeds and european cats, on the other hand, need significantly less care, they get ill rarely and live longer. They are not so expensive, but their kittens are not so popular and desired, unlike the Persian, Burmese and other exotic cats.

The sex of the cats is also of importance. The males are bigger and after reaching the age of virility they begin to smell more. On the contrary the females often bear new kitties and their owner have to take care also for them. A major recommendation for people owning pure breeds is not allowing the cats to leave the house with no control. Animals walking freely out on the streets are set to more dangers – traffic, poisons, parasites, toxic substances. Such animal can also be dangerous for other breeds and for people.
Cats inheriting parks and living outdoors are in fact semi-wild and can hardly live in a closed area. Even being fed by people, they are trying to stay aside and it is not easy to get caught. These cats are easily distinguished from wandering homeless cats, who are more trusting. Being hungry and tired, these cats are friendly with everyone who give her food and housing.

If you decide to take a homeless cat at your home, you should take it to a veterinarian. Otherwise you are risking the health of your family and the other pets you have. You should also know that any animal, raising indoors is prone to infections because its immune system is weaker. It is also good to quarantine such an animal for several days and to always wash your hand after touching it.
It is also important to know tat after bringing to your home a new animal, if you have already a cat, it will be very jealous. The cat is disappointed because will have to share your love. It much depends on the cat temperament, but it is sometimes hard to make it feel more comfortable.

Now a list of recommendations for those of you who have decided to take a cat:

1. It is better to take a little kitty – being more playful and cute, it will bring you more happiness, and will get used to your house faster.

2. Never buy animals from unknown people. It it better to purchase it from its owner or from shelters. In this case you will know the conditions the cat used to live in and you can share with its owner the specific details that are important to you. Besides you have a reasonable choice – you can choose best from all cats.

3. If you can not choose one or you are not sure what breed is appropriate for you, you can consult with a qualified breeder that can rate the animal’s features, health and give you valuable information.

4. When taking a cat you can consult with its previous owner about the food and the temperature , the animal was bred, so you can provide similar living conditions.

5. When choosing and buying a cat think and estimate everything, but do not take an animal on a probation period. Changing its environment will affect its behavior. Do not forget that with time it will become bigger and less playful.

Hope this article helped you with choosing a cat. You can find other cat breeds information here.

Top 10 Best Guard Dog Breeds

There are a lot of researches listing the best guard dog breeds. They are not at the same opinion but here is an overall summarized list based on over 10 studies .

10 American Pitbull Terrier

American Pitbull Terrier
The American Pitbull Terrier is a result of experimental crossing of terriers and bulldogs. Although usually an intelligent and friendly dog, it has sense for danger and knows when it needs to protect.

9 Boxer

Boxer
Boxers are developed in Germany by crossing the Bullenbeiszer and the Barenbeiszer – two German mastiff type dogs.
An athletic and energetic dog, the boxer is very courageous and is very suitable as a guard dog. It is often used in the police and when trained by a professional (like most dog that are suitable for guarding) can turn into a really scary creature.

8 Komondor/ Hungarian Sheepdog

Komondor/ Hungarian Sheepdog
The Komodor’s origin goes back centuries ago. His forefathers are the Tibetian dogs. It is specially developed to guard his master’s flock.

7 Brazilian Mastiff /Fila Brasileiro

Brazilian Mastiff /Fila Brasileiro
This breed originally developed in Brazil to protect the plantations by crossing Mastiffs and Bloodhounds. The Brazilian Mastiff is extremely self-confident and courageous dog that is suitable for protecting bigger areas. Naturally a born guarding breed , it do not hide his dislike do strangers.

6 Cane Corso – Italian Mastiff

Cane Corso - Italian Mastiff
This is a perfect protection and watch dog. His origins are in Italy it has been used for centuries for hunting and guarding. It is very intelligent and trainable and can turn into a real beast.

5 Argentinian Mastiff /Dogo Argentino

Argentinian Mastiff /Dogo Argentino
It was bred in Argentina from Cordoba Fighting Dog and other breeds, originally for hunting. It is a very muscular and strong dog needing a lot of exercises.

4 Bullmastiff

Bullmastiff
The Bullmastiff was a cross of 40% Old English Bulldog and 60% English Mastiff. The result is highly intelligent, less barking and strong dog perfect for guarding.

3 Doberman Pinscher

Doberman Pinscher
Ranked the fifth most intelligent dog, the Doberman Pinscher can turn into a perfect guarding animal. At the same time if trained properly it turns to be ideal family dog.

2 German Shepherd

German Shepherd
Very protective, intelligent and loyal breed, the German Shepherd is the second best guarding dog. (Although considered number one in several researches. )

1 Rottweiler

Rottweiler
The number one – the Rottweiler is a powerful breed with well-developed genetic herding and guarding instincts. A dog that is eager to work, if trained properly can be a perfect assistant as a watch dog or a guardian .

Choosing a dog

There are several questions you have to think about before buying a dog.  


Which will be more suitable for your home -small, middle-sized or big dog? Do you have the time and patience for caring over a long-haired dog, or you would prefer  a short-haired dog, which need brushing twice a week? Do you have enough time for walking a sporting and playable breed.

What kind of pet do you need – family pet, companion, for sport , protection or assistance.

Breeds like  Labrador Retriever and  Golden Retriever , are universal family dogs . They are among the most intelligent and most popular dogs and are perfect  assistants in hunting, running and playful  kids entertainers , strong home guards.

From the bigger-sized dog breeds very few, like the Airedale Terrier, do not need a lot of space to play. The most important – The big dogs are scary for the “uninvitied guests”.Dog-toys are са dedicated companions and are very suitable for people who live in big cities or for older people.

You should also consider the money you are going to spend – medical products, equipment, food and of cource the initial cost – depending on the place you are buying the dog, the breed purity, the age.

Top 10 Smartest Dog Breeds In The World

Dogs are the most popular pets and their characteristics vary – shape, playfulness, intelligence. One of the most important factors when selecting a breed is smartness, ability to learn new things, to remember. Here is a widely shared list of the most intelligent dogs.

10 Australian Cattle Dog

Australian Cattle Dog has a high level of energy, a quick intelligence, and an independent streak. It responds well to structured training, particularly if it is interesting and challenging.It is affectionate, and playful pet.[8] However, it is reserved with people it does not know and naturally cautious in new situations.

09 Rottweiler

Having an inherent desire to protect home and family, the Rottweiler is perfect for a companion, guardian and general all-purpose dog. Socialization and training are needed for this dog with exceptional strength , as it is the second most dangerous dog.

08 Papillon

The Papillon is a dog breed of the Spaniel type. It is very playful, curious and likes learning new things. This great companion dog is among the most intelligent breed.

07 Labrador Retriever

Labradors are athletic and love to swim, play catch and retrieve games, are good with young children, elderly, and for protection. They also top the list of the most popular dog breeds.

06 Shetland Sheepdog

These dogs are athletic and healthy, very playful and trainable. The Shetland sheepdog is one of the smartest dogs – an average dog of this breed could understand a new command in less than 5 repetitions.

05 Doberman Pincher

The fifth position in the list is for the Doberman Pincher. It is good at learning, problem-solving, and communication.
This breed, along with the Border Collie, German Shepherd and Standard Poodle, is one of the most trainable breeds of dog.

04 Golden Retriever

The temperament of the Golden Retriever is a hallmark of the breed and is described in the standard as kindly, friendly and confident. Golden Retrievers are particularly valued for their high level of sociability towards people, calmness, and willingness to learn.

03 German Shepherd

German Shepherd is the third most intelligent breed of dog. They have the ability to learn simple tasks after only five repetitions and interpret instructions better than other breeds.

02 Poodle

The number two most intelligent dog is found in different shapes with many coat colors. They are exampled as hypoallergenic dog breed. The poodles are also exceptionally observable and have sense for instinctual behavior.

01 Border Collie

The top smartest dog breed is the border collie. They are have demanding personalities and need mental stimulation and exercise. There are exceptional dogs from this breed known for having more than 1000 words vocabulary . Other hold the record for “Fastest Car Window Opened by a Dog” – less than 12 sec.

 

Latest dog breeds articles: here

Top 10 Most Expensive Cat Breeds in the World

Cats are among the most popular pets in the world. In USA only they are topping the list of total number of owned animals and are close second in the list of the number of owner households. Depending on their rarity and purity their price can vary. Here is the list of most expensive cat breeds:

10 British Shorthair

price : $500 – $1,500

Tenth most expensive cat is the British Shorthair. It is also among the most popular breed of cat registered in the UK. British Shorthair cats are a very popular breed in cat shows. They have a stable character, making them perfect for apartment living.

9 Scottish Fold

price : $200 – $3,000

Ninth place is for the Scottish Fold. The distinctive physical traits of the breed, combined with their reputation as unusually loving companions, make Folds highly sought-after pets and Fold kittens typically cost considerably more than kittens of more common breeds.

8 Sphynx

price : $300 – $3,000

Next in the list is the Sphynx. It is also among the most popular cat breeds. Sphynx is very distingushable as is hairless, but needs a special treatment.

7 Russian Blue

price : $400 – $3,000

Seventh place is for Russian Blue. These cats are known to be very playful , curious and intelligent .The Russian Blue is also known for getting along very well with other pets and children in a household.

6 Peterbald

price : $1200 – $5,000

In the middle of the list is the Piterbald. It is a result of experimental mating of a Oriental Shorthair female World Champion and a Donskoy .This curious, smart and energetic breed has an elegantly slim graceful and muscular build. They live in harmony with other pets.

5 Persian cat

price : $500 – $5,500

Fifth comes the Persian cat breed. They are topping also the most popular cat breeds list.

4 Allerca hypoallergenic cat

price : about $6,000

This is not a real different breed and I will consider make another list without the current number four. These cats are result of genetic researches of Lifestyle Pets, formerly Allerca. Allerca scientists tried to delete or disable the gene that causes most human cat allergies.

3 Bengal

price : $1,000 – $25,000

An extremely beautiful and attractive breed, the Bengal is a hybrid breed of cat, formed by the cross of a domestic feline and an Asian Leopard Cat.
After three generations from the original crossing, the breed usually acquires a gentle domestic cat temperament;However, for the typical pet owner, a Bengal cat kept as a pet should be at least four generations (F4) removed from the Leopard Cat.

2 Savannah

price : $1,500 – $50,000

Our number two – the Savannah cat is a domestic hybrid cat breed. It is a cross between a serval and a domestic cat. Savannahs are commonly compared to dogs in their loyalty. They are also exceptionally intelligent.

1 Ashera

price : $15,000 – $100,000

Ashera is also a hybrid cat the African serval, the Asian leopard cat, and a domestic housecat.
It is very intelligent, affectionate and loyal.
However, the authenticity of the breed has been challenged, as the only known examples of “Ashera” cats have been proven by DNA testing to be Savannah cats – our number two – sold for four times the real price.
It is also maybe the rearest cat in the world.

Latest cat breeds articles: here

10 Most Popular Dog Breeds

Dogs are among the most popular pets in the world, but which is the most popular dog breed. Most sources share the same list of dogs referring to the American Kennel Club. Here is the list:


10 Shih Tzu


DNA analysis placed the ancestors of today’s Shih Tzu breed in the group of “ancient” breeds indicating “close genetic relationship to wolves”.( the prehistoric Chinese wolf, the “Senji”).Originated in China, the breed is well distinguishable for its coat.


9 Poodle


Originating from Germany, nowadays this breed is with growing popularity. It is officially found in different sizes and many coat colors, but there is no one standard as various organizations recognize it differently. Poodles also used for creating of new sub-breeds.


8 Dachshund


The Dachshund’s origin goes back to ancient Egypt. It is also very recognizable for its long body and short legs. Dachshunds come in three sizes, but for his proportions it is described as “a half-dog high and a dog-and-a-half long”. It is very playful but when bored may become aggressive and destructive.


7 Bulldog

The Bulldog is a heavy muscular dog with a distinctive pushed-in nose. There are various types of this breed. It is very aggressive and breeders have worked to reduce it. Generally, Bulldogs are known for getting along well with children, other dogs, and pets.


6 Boxer

The boxer was developed in Germany, bred from the Old English Bulldog and the now extinct Bullenbeisser It is a breed of stocky, large-sized, short-haired dog. This active, bright, energetic and playful breed a is among the most popular dogs.


5 Beagle


Although beagle-type dogs have existed for over 2,000 years, the modern breed was developed in Great Britain around the 1830s from several breeds, including the Talbot Hound, the North Country Beagle, the Southern Hound, and possibly the Harrier. It is a breed of small to medium-sized dog.
Beagles are excellent with children and this is one of the reasons they have become popular family pets.


4 Golden Retriever


It was originally cross of a yellow-coloured Retriever and a Tweed Water Spaniel female dog (now extinct). It is described in the standard as “kindly, friendly and confident”.They are equally amiable with both strangers and those familiar to them. It ranks fourth in Stanley Coren’s The Intelligence of Dogs following the Border Collie, Poodle, and German Shepherd Dog.


3 Yorkshire Terrier

The Yorkshire Terrier is a small dog breed of terrier type, developed in the 19th century in the county of Yorkshire, England. Though small, the Yorkshire Terrier is active, loves attention, very overprotective. It is also popular for shows as it’s long coat is very attractive and distinguished.

2 German Shepherd

The German Shepherd is a relatively new breed of dog developed in Germany. They are bred specifically for their intelligence. German Shepherds are highly active dogs, and described in breed standards as self-assured. The breed is marked by a willingness to learn and an eagerness to have a purpose. Shepherds have a loyal nature and bond well with people they know.

And the number one:

1 Labrador Retriever


The modern Labrador’s ancestors originated on the island of Newfoundland. Labradors have a reputation as a very even-tempered breed and an excellent family dog. This includes a good reputation with children of all ages and other animals. They have very excellent sense of scent and are also known to have a very soft feel to the mouth, as a result of being bred to retrieve game such as waterfowl.
There is a great deal of variety among Labradors.
About 10 % of all dog registrations are labradors.

Latest dog breeds articles: here

The Worlds 10 Most Expensive Dog Breeds

There are not one and two researches for the most expensive dog breeds. The list of course changes from year to year. There are various factors making a dog breed expensive – purity of breed, rarity, intelect. Here is a more recent list. Any comments are highly appreciated.

10 Akita


An Akita can cost around $1,500 – $4,500. The Akita , the national dog of Japan, is a unique combination of dignity, courage, alertness, and devotion to its family. They are however known to be intolerant of other dogs of the same gender, as stated in the AKC breed standard.
akita

9 Bearded Collie


A Bearded Collie can cost around $1,000 – $5,000. It is one of Britain’s oldest breeds. They are good hunting and herding dogs and prefer to be outdoors in any kind of weather conditions. The breed became popular during the last half of the 20th century.
Bearded Collie

8 Pharaoh Hound


Number 8 in the list is reserved for the Pharaoh Hound. It can cost around $2,500 – $6,500. They are considered to be one of the world’s oldest dog breeds. The Pharaoh Hound is an intelligent, trainable, playful, and active breed. It is sociable with other dogs and with people; however, it can be aloof or reserved with strangers. It is typically very open and affectionate with its family and those it knows. It is an independent-minded, occasionally stubborn breed, yet can be submissive when appropriate positive training methods are used. It has a strong hunting instinct.
Pharaoh Hound

7 Tibetan Mastiff


The most expensive dog in the world was a Tibetan Mastiff called “Big Splash.” He was sold for 1.5 million dollars to a Chinese coal baron. Luckily this breed is not so expensive in general and can cost around $2,200 – $7,000.
Tibetan Mastiff

6 Rottweiler


Rottweilers can cost around $2,000 – $8,000. The breed’s history dates to the Roman Empire. They have a massive, powerful body. They are loyal and devoted pets. They are very intelligent and make excellent house pets and a powerful breed with well-developed genetic herding and guarding instincts.
Rottweiler

5 Chow Chow


Prized at around $3,000 to $8,500, Chow Chow was a highly popular pet among the rich and famous during the Roaring Twenties. They are dominant, good with children, and good with other household pets when they are introduced to them while they are young. They have a distinct blue-black tongue and straight hindlegs.
Recent DNA analysis confirms that the Chow Chow is one of the oldest breeds of dog. Research indicates it is one of the first primitive breeds to evolve from the wolf.
Chow Chow

4 English Bulldog


An English Bulldog can cost around $2,500 – $9,000. Bulldogs are known for getting along well with children, other dogs, and pets. They can be so attached to home and family that they will not venture out of the yard without a human companion and are more likely to sleep on someone’s lap than chase a ball around the yard.
English Bulldog

3 Samoyed


A Samoyed price is around $4,000 – $11,000. The breed is characterized by an alert and happy expression.
Samoyeds are excellent companions, especially for small children or even other dogs.
Samoyed

2 Cavalier King Charles Spaniel


A Cavalier King Charles Spaniel can cost anywhere from $1,000 to $14,000. It is one of the most popular breeds in the United Kingdom. Since 2000, it has been growing in popularity in the United States.
The breed is highly affectionate, playful, extremely patient and eager to please. As such, dogs of the breed are good with children and other dogs.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

1 German Shepherd


And the number one – The German Shepard can cost between $3,000 to $24,000. They are known for their inteligence. Also known for one of the most popular dog breeds in the world.
German Shepherd

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10 Most Popular Cat Breeds in The World

Here are the top 10 breeds that you can choose from.


10. The Sphynx


The so called “Hairless cat” is a rare breed of cat known for its lack of a coat, which makes the cat quite warm to the touch. Sphynxes are known for their extroverted behavior. They display a high level of energy, intelligence, curiosity, and affection for their owners




9. The Oriental


This cat combines the Siamese body with a diversity of colorings and patterns – more than 300 color varieties and in two different hair lengths

Oriental Shorthairs are intelligent, social animals who bond very closely to their people. They are often inquisitive, friendly, emotional, demanding and often quite vocal. Their purr can be extremely loud when happy.


8. The American Shorthair


A very athletic cat, American Shorthair has a larger, leaner, and more powerfully built body than its relation, the British Shorthair. It is also known as a “working cat”.
American Shorthairs are a pedigreed cat with strict standards and a distinctive appearance, as set by the various Cat Fanciers’ Associations worldwide.

Originally known as the Domestic Shorthair, the breed was renamed in 1966 as the “American Shorthair” to better represent its “all-American” character and to differentiate it from other shorthaired breeds. The name “American Shorthair” also reinforces the notion that the American Shorthair is distinct from non-pedigreed, short-haired cats in the United States.

The American Shorthair is recognized in more than eighty different colors and patterns ranging from the brown-patched tabby to the blue-eyed white, the shaded silvers, smokes and cameos to the calico van, and many colors in between. Some even come in deep tones of black, brown, or other blends and combinations. The most well-known American Shorthair color today is the silver tabby, with dense black markings set on a silver background.

7. The Birman

The Birman is a domestic cat breed. Also called the “Sacred Cat of Burma”, it is not to be confused with the Burmese, which is a separate and dissimilar breed. The Birman has medium-long hair, a pale colored body and darker points with deep blue eyes. Even though the cat is pointed, the paws have white gloves.

Birmans have semi-long, silky hair, a semi-cobby body and relatively small ears compared to other cat races and a Roman nose. In order to comply with breed standards, the Birman’s body should be of an eggshell colour or golden, depending on the intensity of the markings colour. The markings can be pure seal, chocolate, blue, red, lilac or cream. Tabby variations are also allowed. Tortie cats can be seal, chocolate, blue or lilac. Birmans have sapphire coloured eyes.
The Birman’s coat is unusual due to the white ‘gloves’ on each paw. They are one of the few cat breeds in the colourpoint coat that has fingers and toes in pure white colour. The genetics of this feature may not be not fully clear, though a gene conferring the white ‘gloves’ has been identified.


6. The Ragdolls

The Ragdoll is a cat breed with blue eyes and a distinct colorpoint coat. It is a large and muscular semi-longhair cat with a soft and silky coat. It is best known for its docile and placid temperament and affectionate nature. The name “Ragdoll” is derived from the tendency of individuals from the original breeding stock to go limp and relaxed when picked up.



The Ragdoll is one of the largest domesticated cat breeds with a sturdy body, large frame and proportionate legs. A fully-grown female weighs from 8 pounds (3.6 kg) to 15 pounds (6.8 kg). Males are substantially larger, ranging from 12 pounds (5.4 kg) to 20 pounds (9.1 kg) or more. The genes for point coloration are also responsible for the blue eyes of the Ragdoll. More intense shades of blue are favored in cat shows.


5. The Abyssinian


The Abyssinian is a breed of domesticated cat with a distinctive ticked coat. There are many stories about its origins, often revolving around Ethiopia, but the actual origins are uncertain. The Abyssinian has become one of the most popular breeds of shorthair cat in the USA.

The Abyssinian has alert, relatively large pointed ears. The head is broad and moderately wedge shaped. Its eyes are almond shaped and colors include gold, green, hazel or copper. The paws are small and oval. The legs are slender in proportion to the body, with a fine bone structure. The Abyssinian has a fairly long tail, broad at the base and tapering to a point. The Abyssinian’s nose and chin usually form a straight vertical line when viewed in profile.

Abyssinians are extroverted, extremely active, playful, wilful and intelligent. They are usually not “lap cats”, being too preoccupied with exploring and playing. They are popular among breeders and owners, and can be very successful show cats. Not all Abyssinians are shown, however, because the color and type standards are very exacting, and because some are shy towards strangers and timid in public. They have quiet, engaging voices.


4. The Siamese


The Siamese is one of the first distinctly recognized breeds of Oriental cat. The origins of the breed is from Siam, Siam is known today as Thailand. In Thailand, where they are one of several native breeds, they are called Wichian Mat (a name meaning “moon diamond” ). In the 20th century the Siamese cat became one of the most popular breeds in Europe and North America.

Siamese are usually very affectionate and intelligent cats, renowned for their social nature. Many enjoy being with people and are sometimes described as “extroverts”. Often they bond strongly to a single person. Some Siamese are extremely vocal, with a loud, low-pitched voice – known as “Meezer”, from which they get one of their nicknames – that has been compared to the cries of a human baby, and persistent in demanding attention. These cats are typically active and playful, even as adults, and are often described as more dog-like in behavior than other cats.

3. The Exotic

The Exotic Shorthair is a breed of cat developed to be a shorthaired version of the Persian. They appeal to people who like the personality of a Persian but do not want the hassle of grooming a long-haired cat. The easier to manage coat has made some label the Exotic Shorthair the lazy person’s Persian. The Exotic Shorthair is similar to the Persian in many ways, including temperament and conformation, with the exception of the short dense coat. It has even inherited much of the Persian’s health problems.

Exotic Shorthairs have a gentle and calm personality reminiscent of the Persian, but are livelier than their longhaired ancestors. Curious and playful, they are friendly to other cats and dogs. They rarely meow. They don’t like being left alone, and need the presence of their owner (or of voices or smells reminiscent of their owner, such as a radio). They tend to show more affection and loyalty than most breeds and make excellent lap cats.


2 . The Maine Coon


The Maine Coon is a breed of domestic cat with a distinctive physical appearance and valuable hunting skills. It is one of the oldest natural breeds in North America, specifically native to the state of Maine, where it is the official State Cat.
Although the Maine Coon’s exact origins and date of introduction to the United States are unknown, many theories have been proposed. The breed was popular in cat shows in the late 19th century, but its existence became threatened when long-haired breeds from overseas were introduced in the early 20th century. The Maine Coon has since made a comeback and is now one of the most popular cat breeds in the world



Maine Coons are known as the “gentle giants” and possess above-average intelligence, making them relatively easy to train. They are known for being loyal to their family and cautious—but not mean—around strangers, but are independent and not clingy. The Maine Coon is generally not known for being a “lap cat” but their gentle disposition makes the breed relaxed around dogs, other cats, and children. They are playful throughout their lives, with males tending to be more clownish and females generally possessing more dignity, yet both are equally affectionate.


1. The Persian


The Persian is a long-haired breed of cat characterized by its round face and shortened muzzle. Its name refers to Persia, the former name of Iran, where similar cats are found. Recognized by the cat fancy since the late 19th century, it was developed first by the English, and then mainly by American breeders after the Second World War. In Britain, it is called the Longhair or Persian Longhair.

The Persian is the most popular breed of pedigree cats in the United States. In the UK, registration numbers have dwindled since the early 1990s and the Persian lost its top spot to the British Shorthair in 2001. As of 2008, it was the 5th most popular breed, behind the British Shorthair, Siamese and Bengal. In France, the Persian is the only breed whose registration declined between 2003 and 2007, dropping by more than a quarter.
The most popular varieties according to CFA registration data are Seal Point, Blue Point, Flame Point and Tortie Point Himalayan, followed by Black-White, Shaded Silvers and Calico Persians.

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