The Savannah is a domestic hybrid cat breed. It is created by crossing the wild Serval cat with a domestic cat. Created in 1986, this is one of the newest cat breeds. The first Savannah breed cat was also named Savannah and the domestic breed was a Siamese cat. This kind of crossing became popular among the cat breeders, but it was not until 2001 when the International Cat Association accepted it as a new breed.
Want to adopt one? Get ready to spend up to $ 20 000, even more depending on the genetic influence of the Serval. These cats are very difficult to breed and also there is very small breeding pool. Currently they are illegal in New York City, Massachusetts, Hawaii and Georgia.

Physical features

This cat cat jump 8 feet from a stand still. Savannahs jump higher than any other cat breed. They are incredibly beautiful cats. This is also the heaviest cat – up to 30 pounds. They look like a wild cat. Size is very dependent on generation and sex, with F1 hybrid male cats usually being the largest, because of the stronger genetic influence of the African serval ancestor. Their size may vary even in a single litter because of different factors in Savannah breed genetics.
There is no standard for the coat color, depending much on the domestic breed. Early generations have more lighter coat with darker spots. Breeders often use other wild spotting breeds – Bengal or Egyptian Mau for crossing to keep the coat decorations in the next generations.

Savannahs have tall, deeply-cupped wide rounded erect ears, a feature inherited by the Serval, used as a radar for detecting other animals.
They have also very long legs allowing them to jump high. Another unique trait of the Savannah is it’s hooded eyes that are flat across the top. Their eyes are also very distinct and very beautiful – with a “boomerang” shape, and a hooded brow to protect them from harsh sunlight.
Of course all these features may vary, depending on the generation.


Savannahs are much more social than typical domestic cats, and they are often compared to dogs in their loyalty. They can be trained to walk on a leash and even taught to play fetch. Exposure to strangers can make them more social as some of them are hiding when seeing other people – much like dogs. These cats are also known for their high intelligence. They are also very curious and seek adventures when possible.

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Aegean cat


The Aegean Cat is originally from the Cycladic Islands in the Aegean Sea, where they naturally occur.
This is believed to be one of the rarest breeds, because it is among the newest breeds. Aegean Cat has only recently begun to be bred systematically.
They are much liked for their character and intelligence. In rural areas, they are often seen as the best method of pest control, because they are very capable predators.


The Aegean Cathas been domesticated for centuries and has become very well adapted to humans.
It is a social pet that tolerates living in an apartment rather well. It is intelligent, active and lively and also communicative, not hesitating to draw a person’s attention.


The coat of an Aegean Cat is semi-longhaired, without down hair, with a moderate ruff and a rich tail. The Aegean Cat’s coat provides good protection during the harsh winter weather and sheds out short for the summer. The coat is bicolor or tricolor; one of the colors is always white, without signs of yellowing and takes up between 1/3 to 2/3 of the body. Other colors can be black, red, blue, cream, with or without stripes. The Aegean Cat is a medium-size breed, with a sturdy and muscular build, without signs of obesity. The body is long, with strong, medium-size feet and round-shaped paws. The tail is moderately long, straight, without kinks. The head is medium-size, wide but not round. The ears have a wide base and rounded tips and are covered by hairs. The eyes have an oriental shape and their color can be any shade of green.

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The Persian is a long-haired breed of cat characterized by its round face and shortened muzzle. Recent genetic research indicates that present day Persians are related not to cats from the Near East but to cats from Western Europe. The researchers stated, “Even though the early Persian cat may have in fact originated from ancient Persia, the modern Persian cat has lost its phylogeographical signature.
The first breed standard (then called a points of excellence list) was issued in 1889 by cat show promoter Weir. He stated that the Persian differed from the Angora in the tail being longer, hair more full and coarse at the end and head larger, with less pointed ears. Not all cat fanciers agreed with the distinction of the two types, and in the 1903 book “The Book of the Cat” Francis Simpson states that “the distinctions, apparently with hardly any difference, between Angoras and Persians are of so fine a nature that I must be pardoned if I ignore the class of cat commonly called Angora”.

Traditional Persian cat

The Traditional Persian cat also known as Doll Face Persian is considered as the original breed of Persian cat. The CFA however regulates the “flat faced” persian as the true breed and standard for this breed. This breed did not change its physical appearance but some breeders in America, Germany and Italy and other parts of the world started to interpret the standard differently.


In the late 1950s a spontaneous mutation in red and red tabby Persians gave rise to the “peke-faced” Persian, named after the flat-faced Pekingese dog. It was registered as a breed by the CFA but fell out of favor by the mid 1990s due to serious health issues. In fact, only 98 were registered between 1958 and 1995. Despite this, breeders took a liking to the look and started breeding towards the peke-face look. The over-accentuation of the breed’s characteristics by selective breeding (called extreme- or ultra-typing) produced results similar to the peke-faced Persians. The term peke-face has been used to refer to the ultra-typed Persian but it is properly used only to refer to red and red tabby Persians bearing the mutation. Many fanciers and CFA judges considered the shift in look “a contribution to the breed”


In 1950, the Siamese was crossed with the Persian to create a breed with the body type of the Persian but colorpoint pattern of the Siamese. It was named Himalayan, after other colorpoint animals such as the Himalayan rabbit. In the UK the breed was recognized as the Colorpoint Longhair. The Himalayan stood as a separate breed in the US until 1984, when the CFA merged it with the Persian, to the objection of the breed councils of both breeds. Some Persian breeders were unhappy with the introduction of this “hybrid” into their “pure” Persian lines.

Exotic Shorthair

The Exotic Shorthair is similar to the Persian in temperament and type, with the exception of its short, dense coat.
The Persian was used as an outcross secretly by some American Shorthair (ASH) breeders in the late 1950s to “improve” their breed. The hybrid look gained recognition in the show ring but other breeders unhappy with the changes successfully pushed for new breed standards that would disqualify ASH that showed signs of hybridization.
One ASH breeder who saw the potential of the Persian/ASH cross proposed and eventually managed to get the CFA to recognize them as a new breed in 1966, under the name Exotic Shorthair. Regular outcrossing to the Persian has made present day Exotic Shorthair similar to the Persian in every way, including temperament and conformation, with the exception of the short dense coat. It has even inherited much of the Persian’s health problems.


The popularity of the Persian (blue line) in the UK has declined for the past two decades.
The Persian is the most popular breed of pedigree cats in the United States.[20] In the UK, registration numbers have dwindled since the early 1990s and the Persian lost its top spot to the British Shorthair in 2001. As of 2008, it was the 5th most popular breed, behind the British Shorthair, Siamese and Bengal. In France, the Persian is the only breed whose registration declined between 2003 and 2007, dropping by more than a quarter


A Grand Champion chocolate Persian
A show-quality Persian has an extremely long and thick coat, short legs, a wide head with the ears set far apart, large eyes, and an extremely shortened muzzle. The breed was originally established with a short muzzle, but over time, this characteristic has become extremely exaggerated, particularly in North America. Persian cats can have any color or markings including pointed, golden, tortoiseshell, blue, and tabby.
The Persian is generally described as a quiet cat. Typically placid in nature, it adapts well to apartment life. Himalayans tend to be more active due to the influence of the Siamese. One study compared cat owners’ perception of their cats and Persians rated higher than non-pedigree cats on closeness and affection to owners, friendliness towards strangers, cleanliness, predictability, vocalization and fussiness over food.


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Maine Coon

The Maine Coon is a breed of domestic cat with a distinctive physical appearance and valuable hunting skills. It is one of the oldest natural breeds in North America, specifically native to the state of Maine, where it is the official State Cat.


The generally-accepted theory among breeders is that the Maine Coon is descended from the pairings of local short-haired domestic cats and long-haired breeds brought overseas by English seafarers (possibly by Captain Charles Coon) or 11th-century Vikings. The connection to the Vikings is seen in the strong resemblance of the Maine Coon to that of the Norwegian Forest Cat, another breed that is said to be a descendant of cats that traveled with the Vikings.
The Maine Coon was denied provisional breed status—one of the three steps required for a breed not yet recognized by the CFA to be able to compete in championship competitions—by the CFA three times, which led to the formation of the Maine Coon Cat Club in 1973. The breed was finally accepted by the CFA under provisional status on May 1, 1975, and was approved for championship status on May 1, 1976. The next couple of decades saw a rise in popularity of the Maine Coon, with championship victories and an increase in national rankings. In 1985, the state of Maine announced that the breed would be named the official State Cat. Today the Maine Coon is the second most popular cat breed, according to the number of kittens registered with the CFA. The Persian is the first.


Maine Coons are one of the largest breeds of domestic cat. Males weigh from 15 to 25 lb (6.8 to 11 kg) with females weighing from 10 to 15 lb (4.5 to 6.8 kg). The height of adults can vary between 10 and 16 in (25 and 41 cm) and they can reach a length of up to 40 in (100 cm), including the tail, which can reach a length of 14 in (36 cm) and is long, tapering, and heavily furred, almost resembling a raccoon’s tail. The body is solid and muscular, which is necessary for supporting their own weight, and the chest is broad. Maine Coons possess a rectangular body shape and are slow to physically mature; their full potential size is normally not reached until they are three to five years old, while other cats take about only one year.
In 2010, the Guinness World Records accepted a male purebred Maine Coon named “Stewie” as the “Longest Cat” measuring 48.5 in (123 cm) from the tip of his nose to the tip of his tail.
The Maine Coon is a longhaired, or medium-haired, cat. The coat is soft and silky, although texture may vary with coat color. The length is shorter on the head and shoulders, and longer on the stomach and flanks with some cats having a lion-like ruff around their neck. Minimal grooming is required for the breed, compared to other long-haired breeds, as their coat is mostly self-maintaining due to a light-density undercoat. The coat is subject to seasonal variation, with the fur being thicker in the winter and thinner during the summer. Maine Coons, due to their large size, have larger claws. There have been cases of Maine Coons using their claws to grip into walls.
Maine Coons can have any colors that other cats have. Colors indicating hybridization, such as chocolate, lavender, the Siamese pointed patterns or the “ticked” patterns, are unaccepted by breed standards. The most common color seen in the breed is brown tabby. All eye colors are accepted under breed standards, with the exception of the occurrence of blue-colored or odd-eyes (i.e., two eyes of different colors) in cats possessing coat colors other than white.


Maine Coons are known as the “gentle giants” and possess above-average intelligence, making them relatively easy to train. They are known for being loyal to their family and cautious—but not mean—around strangers, but are independent and not clingy. The Maine Coon is generally not known for being a “lap cat” but their gentle disposition makes the breed relaxed around dogs, other cats, and children. They are playful throughout their lives, with males tending to be more clownish and females generally possessing more dignity, yet both are equally affectionate. Many Maine Coons have a fascination with water and some theorize that this personality trait comes from their ancestors, who were aboard ships for much of their lives. Maine Coons are also well known for yowling, chattering, chirping, “talking” (especially “talking back” to their owners), and making other loud vocalizations.

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The Ragdoll is a cat breed with blue eyes and a distinct colorpoint coat. It is a large and muscular semi-longhair cat with a soft and silky coat. Developed by controversial American breeder Ann Baker, it is best known for its docile and placid temperament and affectionate nature. The name “Ragdoll” is derived from the tendency of individuals from the original breeding stock to go limp and relaxed when picked up.


In the 1960s a regular non-pedigreed white domestic longhaired cat named Josephine, who had produced several litters of typical cats, was injured in an accident involving a car and taken to the veterinary hospital at the University of California. Josephine was of a Persian/Angora type and had litters sired by several unknown male Birman or Burmese-like cats, one of which had the Siamese point coloration. Baker believed that Josephine was subject to a secret government genetic experiment during treatment at the lab, and claimed that it made Josephine docile, relaxed when picked up, and immune to pain. After Josephine recovered, her next litter produced kittens with similar temperament. When the subsequent litter produced more of the same, Ann Baker (an established cat breeder) purchased several kittens from the owner, who lived behind her, and believing she had something special, set out to create what is now known as the Ragdoll. The breed was selectively bred over many years for desirable traits, such as large size, gentle demeanor, and a tendency to go limp when picked up, as well as the striking pointed coloration.
Baker, in an unusual move, spurned traditional cat breeding associations. She trademarked the name “Ragdoll,” set up her own registry—International Ragdoll Cat Association (IRCA)—and enforced stringent standards on anyone who wanted to breed or sell cats under that name. The Ragdolls were also not allowed to be registered in other breed associations. In 1975, a group led by Denny Dayton broke rank with IRCA with the aim of gaining mainstream recognition for the Ragdoll. This group eventually developed the Ragdoll standard currently accepted by major cat registries.


The docile and floppy nature of the Ragdoll is a characteristic thought to be passed down from the Persian and Birman breed. There are contrary statements on whether this trait might be the result of genetic mutation. The extreme docility of some individuals has led to the myth that Ragdolls are pain-resistant. Some breeders in Britain have tried to breed away from the limpness due to concerns that extreme docility “might not be in the best interests of the cat”. There have been multiple reports of ragdolls nonchalantly approaching moving cars and vicious dogs and getting hurt.[citation needed] Breed standards describe the Ragdoll as affectionate, intelligent, relaxed in temperament, gentle and easy to handle.

Physical characteristics

The Ragdoll is one of the largest domesticated cat breeds with a sturdy body, large frame and proportionate legs. A fully-grown female weighs from 8 pounds (3.6 kg) to 15 pounds (6.8 kg). Males are substantially larger, ranging from 12 pounds (5.4 kg) to 20 pounds (9.1 kg) or more. The genes for point coloration are also responsible for the blue eyes of the Ragdoll. More intense shades of blue are favored in cat shows. Though the breed has a plush coat, it consists mainly of long guard hairs, while the lack of a dense undercoat results in, according to the Cat Fanciers’ Association, “reduced shedding and matting”. Mitted Ragdolls, which weren’t allowed titling until the ’08-’09 show season, will often be confused for Birmans. The easiest way to tell the difference is by size (the Ragdoll being obviously larger) and chin color (Ragdolls have white chins, while Birmans have colored chins), although breeders recognize the two by head shape and boning.
Ragdolls come in 6 different colors – seal, chocolate, flame, and the corresponding “dilutes” such as blue, lilac and cream. This also includes the tortoiseshell pattern in all colors and the three patterns. All Ragdoll kittens are born white. They have good color at 8 – 10 weeks and full color and coat at 3 – 4 years. There are three different patterns:
Pointed – One color darkening at the extremities (nose, ears, tail and paws)
Mitted – Same as pointed, but with white paws and abdomen. With or without a blaze (a white line or spot on the face), but must have a “belly stripe” (white stripe that runs from the chin to the genitals) and a white chin.
Bicolor — White legs, white inverted ‘V’ on the face, white abdomen and sometimes white patches on the back (Excessive amounts of white, or “high white,” on a bicolor is known as the Van pattern, although this doesn’t occur nearly as often as the other patterns).

Ragdoll Standard

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Oriental Shorthair


The Oriental Shorthair is a member of the Siamese family. They can be found in solid colors (white, red, chocolate, cream, ebony, blue, lavender, cinnamon, or fawn), smoke (white undercoat to any of the above except white), shaded (only the hair tips colored), parti-color (red or cream splashes on any of the above), tabby (mackerel/striped, ticked, spotted, and blotched/classic), and bi-colored (any of the above, with white). In total, over 300 color and pattern combinations are possible.
In the Cat Fanciers’ Association, some of the pointed cats from Oriental Shorthair parents are considered any other variety (AOV), and depending on the pedigree, some compete as Colorpoints. In TICA, as well as in the majority of worldwide cat associations, these cats are considered to be and compete as Siamese.
Oriental Shorthairs, like any of the Siamese type, have almond-shaped eyes and a wedge-shaped head with large ears that fit in the wedge of the head. Their bodies are very elegant yet muscular. When seeing an Oriental Shorthair, one would never guess them to be as solid as they are.
The longhaired version of the Oriental Shorthair, the Oriental Longhair, simply carries a pair of the recessive long hair gene.


The Siamese cat was imported to Britain from Siam (Thailand) in the later half of the 1800s. According to reports, both pointed and solid colors were imported. The gene that causes the color to be restricted to the points is a recessive gene, therefore the general population of the cats of Siam were largely self (solid) colored. When the cats from Siam were bred, the pointed cats were eventually registered as Siamese the others were referred to as “non-blue eyed siamese” or foreign shorthair. Other breeds that were developed from the moggies of Siam include the Havana Brown and the Korat.
It was not until 1977 that the Oriental Shorthair was accepted for competition into the CFA. In 1985, the CFA recognized the bicolor oriental shorthair. The bicolor is any one of the accepted oriental shorthair color patterns with the addition of white to the belly, face, and legs/paws.


Oriental cats are both very intelligent and playful. However, because of their playful nature, Oriental cats may present some difficulty when training. This is because it is challenging to keep an Oriental cat’s attention focused on a training program. To best train your Oriental cat, it is best if you use constant positive reinforcement.
A great trick to use when training an Oriental cat is to make training a part of playtime. By utilizing certain cat toys, you can entertain your cat while also teaching them a specific training activity. When training, don’t forget to use food-based treats as a reward for your cat’s good behavior. Constant positive reinforcement in the form of food is one of the most effective ways of training an Oriental cat.


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The Sphynx is a rare breed of cat known for its lack of a coat.
The contemporary Mutant breed of Sphynx started in 1966, in Roncesvalles, Toronto when a hairless kitten named Prune was born. The kitten was mated with its mother (backcrossing), which produced one more naked kitten.


The Sphynx appears to be a hairless cat, but it is not truly hairless. The skin texture resembles that of Chamois leather. It may be covered with vellus hair. Because the Sphynx cats have no pelt to keep them warm they huddle up against other animals and people. They even tend to cuddle up and sleep with their owners under the covers. Lack of coat makes the cat quite warm to the touch. Whiskers and eyebrows may be present, either whole or broken, or may be totally absent. The skin is the colour their fur would be, and all the usual cat marking patterns (solid, point, van, tabby, tortie, etc.) may be found on Sphynx skin.
Sphynxes generally have wedge-shaped heads and sturdy, heavy bodies. Standards call for a full round abdomen, also known as pot bellies.
Sphynxes are known for their extroverted behavior. They display a high level of energy, intelligence, curiosity, and affection for their owners.


While Sphynx cats lack a coat to shed or groom, they are not maintenance free. Body oils, which would normally be absorbed by the hair, tend to build up on the skin. As a result, regular cleaning (usually in the form of bathing) is necessary; one bath a week is usually sufficient. Care should be taken to limit the Sphynx cat’s exposure to outdoor sunlight at length, as they can develop sunburn and skin damage similar to that of humans.
Although Sphynx cats are sometimes thought to be hypoallergenic due to their lack of coat, this is not always the case for cat-specific allergies. Allergies to cats are triggered by a protein called Fel d1, not cat hair itself. Fel d1 is a tiny and sticky protein primarily found in cat saliva and sebaceous glands. Those with cat allergies may react worse to direct contact with Sphynx cats than other breeds.
The Sphynx cat also appear to have more ear wax than most hairy domestic cats because they have little to no hair in their ears to catch and protect them from a build up of impurities in their ears, like dirt, skin oils (sebum), and ear wax which accumulates more frequently in the hairless sphynx breed. The Sphynx cats ears will need to be cleaned on a weekly basis, usually before bath time. The Sphynx breed also tends to accumulate oils and debris under their nails as well as the skin fold above the nail due to the lack of fur, so, like the ears, the nails and surrounding skin folds need to be cleaned properly as well. This is generally done at bath time along with a weekly nail clipping. The sphynx breed does require more grooming than a typical domestic cat with fur.

Health issues

The Canadian Sphynx is recognized by cat fancy associations as being a healthy robust breed. Lack of hair can cause health issues with kittens in the first weeks of life due to susceptibility to respiratory infections. Reputable breeders will not let their kittens go to new homes without being at least 12 weeks of age to ensure the kitten is mature enough to cope in a new environment. Due to their lack of protective fur, skin cancer may be a problem if exposed to sunlight for long durations of time.
The breed does have instances of the genetic disorder hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Studies are being undertaken to understand the links in breeding and the disorder.
Sphynx cats have particularly sensitive digestive systems, especially if they are small cats. It is not uncommon for them to have severe diarrhea for weeks at a time after the use of medication, anesthesia, or even diets of anything less than 80% protein. Even moving to new homes can sometimes set off digestive issues.
Sphynx cats can catch common feline diseases and should be immunized in the same way as cats of other breeds.

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Bombay Cat Info: History

Nikki Horner started to develop the Bombay cat breed in 1953 from combining black American Shorthairs with Burmese cats. She wanted a cat breed with a dark black coat and bright copper penny eyes.

Early efforts were unsuccessful and in 1965 she finally found a winning breed combination. In 1970 when the breed was accepted for championship competitions, Nikki Horner stopped breeding cats, but other breeders worked to keep the breed alive.

Herb and Suzanne Zwecker were two people who had a major influence on the Bombay cat breed’s development and progression. They developed new lines and in 1979, TICA accepted the Bombay for championship competitions.

Bombay Cat Info: Description

To get an idea of the look of the Bombay, just think of a small version of the Black Panther. The Bombay cat comes in one color only – black. Imagine the deepest, darkest, midnight black you can and you will have an idea of the color of this cat’s coat.

The tight, short coat has a shiny, glossy sheen to it that makes grooming easy. A brushing once a week to remove loose hair is all that is needed to keep the coat in top condition.

This cat breed is medium sized and well muscled. The ears are medium sized and set well apart. The head is rounded with large wide-set eyes. The Bombay cat’s eyes can be rich gold or copper colored and makes for a stunning contrast to the black coat.

The Bombay breed standards call for brilliant copper eyes but as this is a very hard color to achieve, gold is accepted as well.

Bombay Cat Info: Personality & Temperament

The Bombay is an easy-going, inquisitive and loving cat that loves to play and play some more. They are very people-orientated and will greet you and any visitors at the door.

This cat breed simply loves to be around people and does not do well on its own. You should consider getting a companion cat if you are going to be leaving your Bombay alone for long periods of time.

If properly integrated, the Bombay cat gets along well with other pets such as dogs and because of its loving nature, is the perfect cat to have with children.

Health Issues

The Bombay cat and the Burmese are closely related and share the same health and genetic problems. These two cat breeds have the same head and body type.

Some of the main health issues of the Bombay cat include cranial deformities, breathing problems and excessive eye tearing due to the foreshortened nose.

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There is a legend around the Birman cat breed which tells of the Birman being raised by Kittah priests in their temple in Burma (now Myanmar).

The temple had a golden statue of a goddess who presided over the passage of souls. The statue had sapphires for eyes. In this temple a hundred pure white cats lived and when a priest died, his soul would enter the body of one of the cats. When the cat died, the priest would be reborn.

One of these cats was called Sinh, and he was the companion of the head priest, Mun-Ha. Mun-Ha was gravely injured in an attack on the temple and as he lay dying, Sinh leapt onto his body. Sinh stared at the statue and his coat took on the golden hues of the statue and the brown shades of the earth, only his paws that were touching his master remained white. His eyes turned sapphire blue.

Sinh stayed on Mun-Ha’s body for seven days, refusing to eat, until he himself died. Seven days later as the priests assembled to decide who would be Mun-Ha’s successor, all the other temple cats walked in, all transformed as Sinh had been. They surrounded the youngest of the priests and he was declared the new head priest.

The real history of how the Birman cat breed came to Europe is not quite clear. The most popular of two stories is that two Europeans, August Pavie and Major Gordon Russel were given two cats for saving a temple. The male cat died on their way to France, but the female called Sita, was pregnant and founded the breed in Europe. The time lines to this story do not make sense though. The two Europeans were in Asia in 1898 but the cats were only sent to France in 1919 – a time gap of two decades seems impossible.

The other story says that two cats were stolen and given to an American millionaire who then passed them on to Mme Thadde Hadisch. Again, the male died and the female named Sita gave birth to kittens after arriving in France in 1920.

All that is really certain is that a cat breed named Sacre de Birmanie (the Sacred Cat of Burma) was registered in France in 1925.

The breed almost died out during World War II but fortunately outcrossing to appropriate breeds was undertaken and during the 1960’s the breed was accepted on both sides of the Atlantic.


The Birman cat breed is a medium to large sized cat with a stocky build. It has distinctive white gloves on the feet and the back feet have laces extending halfway up the back leg.

This gorgeous cat’s coat is longhaired and pointed and is soft and silky. The thickness of the coat varies from season to season. The coat does not mat, but it still needs regular care to ensure that it remains tangle-free and silky.

Birmans come in all pointed colors. (Same color body with the tail, face, paws and ears another color.)

The ears of the Birman cat breed are almost as wide as they are tall and the eyes are medium to large and round. The tail is in balance with the body which is long and sturdy. The legs are well muscled and in proportion with the body.

Personality & Temperament

The Birman makes a perfect family pet that gets along well with children and other pets and they are just as happy in a single cat/pet household. The beautiful Birman is talkative when people respond to the meowing and cooing sounds it makes, but if you do not respond, the cat will soon stop talking to you.

This cat is an active and playful cat that needs lots of stimulation through games in order not to become bored. The Birman makes a great lap cat as it loves to snuggle on your lap for a mutual cuddle.

Health Issues

The Birman cat breed is fairly healthy and there are no major hereditary disorders.

Speak to the breeders as they should also be able to inform you of any health issues that they have come across.

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The Bengal cat breed is a perfect example of man’s need to breed a domestic cat that has the look of a wild jungle cat. In the 1960’s, there was an accidental mating between and Asian Leopard Cat and a black, shorthaired domestic cat at Jean Sugden’s home in California.

She made no further attempt to develop this hybrid cat breed until the early 1970’s when she (now Jean Mill) received more such hybrids from Dr Willard Centerwall at the University of California.

These cats were part of a research project aimed at determining if the Leopard Cat’s immunity to feline leukaemia could be transfered to domestic cats. Unfortunately results were negative.

This was the first effort to create a cat breed with the temperament of the house cat and the look of a jungle cat.

The Bengal cat breed of today can be traced back to cats bred by Jean S. Mill in the early 1980’s. In 1986 TICA accepted the Bengal as a new breed and in 1991 this cat breed received championship status in 1991. The modern domestic Bengal cat comes only from breeding Bengals to other Bengal cats.


Originally there was just a spotted coat type, but over time variations appeared and different associations have different standards for the Bengal cat breed.

The Bengal cat is a medium to large sized cat with a magnificently colored coat that has vivid spots or distinctive marbling. A feature called glitter is found in some Bengal’s coats and it is this feature that gives the iridescent sheen to each hair.

The spots on the Bengal’s coat can be small or large and often have a two-toned look. A swirling pattern that appears as random swirls or flowing horizontal lines is referred to as the marble pattern.

The most popular coat color is brown or black tabby, which can be anything from shades of golden, copper, bronze, gray or mahogany with spots or marbling. Spots and marbling can be intense black or rich brown.

Snow Bengals have a recessive pointed gene that result in blue eyes and a cream base coat with a pearly shimmer.

Silver Bengals have a coat with a white or gray background with dark gray to black patterns.

Bengal males are generally larger than the females and weight ranges from 6-15 pounds. The Bengal cat breed is well muscled and has an athletic look.

Personality and Temperament

A clear understanding is needed of what exactly is meant by a Bengal. The Bengal name can only really be applied to F4 hybrids – cats that are four generations down from the wild cross.

Cats from earlier generations (foundation cats) are much closer to their wild ancestors and find domestic life very difficult. They are ofthen nervous and do not integrate well into famliy life with people and other pets.

F4 Bengals tend to be inquisitive, confident and active cats that can be found high up on a perch, generally looking for something to do. They are affectionate and devoted and get along well with other pets when properly integrated.
Do not expect a docile lDo not expect a docile lap cat when you get a Bengal. This cat is all about action and fun. Should you consider a cat breed like the Bengal, first find out as much as you can from a registered breeder.The Bengal cat breed needs lots of playtime that involves running, chasing, climbing and jumping. Bengals like to play in water and will even try to join you in the bath. Some use their voices to talk to you whilst others are quiet cats.

Health Issues

The Bengal cat breed is very prone to Irritable Bowel Syndrome, most likely due to their wild heritage.

The cereal content in commercial cat foods can aggravate this condition and you will have to spend the time and the money to find the right food for your Bengal.

You will have to boil drinking water for a Bengal cat as they are also susceptible to micro-organisms found in unchlorinated water.

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Early references appear of the Balinese cat breed, but little is known about the history of the Balinese. In 1871 reference is made to a long haired Siamese and there is a CFF (Cat Fanciers Federation) registration record in 1928 for a long haired Siamese.

The actual breeding history of the Balinese starts with the first breeding programs in the 1950’s. Marion Dorsey from California and Helen Smith from New York were both Siamese breeders who decided to develop the long haired Siamese kittens that were appearing in their Siamese litters. The name Balinese is a reference to the graceful Balinese dancers that Helen Smith admires.

Originally, the Balinese cat breed was recognized in four colors – chocolate, lilac, blue and seal. Red, cream and tabby patterns were added in 1979 and more recently, all these colors in combination with white were accepted. The Balinese was recognized for competition in 1979 by TICA.


The Balinese is a graceful, muscular and elegant cat. This cat breed has a long and silky coat that goes beautifully with its regal bearing.

The single coat lies close to the body and lacks an undercoat, which makes grooming easy as there is no matting. The tail is plumed and the hair on the tail can be up to 5 inches long.

The Balinese have sapphire blue eyes and the pointed pattern coloring is restricted to the face, the legs, the tail and the ears. The body is a creamy white.

The Balinese has a svelte body type with long legs. Even though it is an elegant and fine-boned cat, the Balinese is all muscle. The females weigh from 5-7 pounds and the males weigh from 6-8 pounds.

Despite its long hair, the Balinese cat breed is easy to groom. The coat does not tangle or mat and a brushing is all that is needed to remove any loose hair.

The Javanese cat breed is an offshoot breed from the Balinese. As the CFA (Cat Fanciers Association) only accepts four colors (seal, chocolate, blue and lilac) in the Balinese, it classifies all other colors under the Javanese cat breed.

Personality & Temperament

The Balinese is an extremely loyal and people-orientated cat breed that gets along well with children and other pets. If you are looking for a vocal cat that will have a “conversation” with you, then the Balinese is the cat breed for you.

Because the Balinese is such an intelligent, active and people-orientated cat, you will have to engage your cat in high-activity games. These cats do not do well on their own for long periods of time. Rather get a companion cat if you need to leave your Balinese alone.

Health Issues

The Balinese cat breed is a long-lived, robust cat breed with no known health issues.

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American Wirehair


The first American Wirehair cat breed came from a litter of 6 kittens born in Verona, New York. The kitten had a short, wiry coat and even his whiskers were crimped. The litter’s parents were normal domestic shorthairs.

A local cat breeder by the name of Joan O’Shea who saw the kitten, realized that he was unique and bought him from the farm owner, Nathan Mosher.

Joan O’Shea bred this wiry-hair male with a domestic shorthair female and this mating produced kittens with wiry coats. Another breeding to a completely unrelated female also produced wiry-haired kittens and so established it as a dominant gene.

Roy Robinson and A.G. Searle (cat geneticists) analyzed cat hair samples sent to them by Joan O’Shea and replied to her that the coat was unique and not related to the Cornish or Devon Rex cat breeds. The American Shorthair cat breed was used to further develop the American Wirehair cat breed.


The American Wirehair cat breed is a medium sized cat with a muscular and firm body. The head is longer rather than wider and the eyes are a rounded shape. The ears are slightly rounded at the tip. Females of this cat breed are smaller than the males.

What makes the American What makes the American Wirehair stand out from its other shorthair counterparts is the wiry coat. The coat comes in all color and patterns, but the wiriness of the hair has several degrees to it. It can range from spiked to curly with individual hairs being hooked, bent or crimped.

The coat should ideally be dense, coarse and crimped over the entire body, the same goes for the whiskers.

This cat breed’s coat is soft to the touch and springs back into place when ruffled.

Some American Wirehair cats are prone to skin allergies and the skin and coat should be kept dry and clean to avoid any problems. Regular bathing is recommended to remove any loose hair that could cause irritation.

Personality and Temperament

The American Wirehair enjoys human company, but is not a demanding cat and remains independent. They are tolerant of children and other pets and are loyal and playful.

Health Issues

Althought the American Wirehair coat is low maintenance, this different cat breed is prone to skin allergies and a heavy build-up of earwax. Regular cleaning and bathing is therefore essential to keep this unusual cat in perfect condition.

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American Curl


The American Curl cat’s history begins in June 1981 in California, where Joe and Grace Ruga found a stray kitten that had long, silky hair. What was unusual about this kitten was its ears – the tips were curled backwards. This kitten was called Shulamith and all American Curl cats can be traced back to her.

Shulamith had her first litter of kitten in December 1981 and two of the kittens had the same curly ears. During 1983 cat fanciers started to develop a selective breeding program to conserve the curly ear gene and to develop a breed based on this gene.

Renowned English feline geneticist, Roy Robinson analyzed data from 383 kittens from 81 litters, and working with breeders, confirmed that the curly ear gene was unique and an autosomal dominant gene. This meant that any cat that has even one copy of this gene will have the curly ears.

The foundation for a new breed of cat was established when Roy Robinson published an article in the Journal of Heredity in December 1989. He stated that he found no defects in any of the crossed analyzed.


The American Curl is a native breed to America and is a medium-sized cat. The ears curl out and backwards making the cat look alert with a happy expression.

The coat of the American Curl comes in either short-hair or longhair varieties. There is little undercoat which means that very little grooming is required. Coat colors are varied – from black through to mackerel tabby.

The ears are the main feature of this cat breed, but the large walnut shaped eyes are another distinguishing feature.

This cat breed is medium-sized with a rounded head. They are elegant looking cats with an open facial expression. The longhair variety has a silky, shiny plumed tail.

When an American Curl is born, it has straight ears. The ears start to gently unfold after about 3-5 days and at 16 weeks, the ears reach the final shape. The degree of the curl varies greatly.

To maintain genetic diversity, breeders out-cross breeding with cats that do not have curled ears. Half of these out-crosses will have curled ears. The curly ear gene affects the cartilage of the ear and should be firm to the touch.

Personality & Temperament

This friendly cat breed is very people-orientated and wants to be in your company constantly. They get along well with children and other pets.

This intelligent and curious cat is not overly talkative, but makes soft cooing sounds to attract your attention.

The American Curl cat will remain kitten-like throughout its life – always looking for an opportunity to play.

You will find thisYou will find this cat wherever you are and he will insist on helping you with your tasks!

Health Issues

The American Curl The American Curl is a robust, healthy cat breed with no breed-specific problems.

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American Bobtail

The History of American Bobtails

Legend has it that a cross-breeding between a domestic bobtail and a male tabby cat on an Indian reservation site on the late 1960’s resulted in the American Bobtail. The kitten was found by a couple and cross bred with a long tail female and the resulting offspring laid the foundation of the American Bobtail lineage. Unfortunately, none of the original bloodlines are still alive today. The American is not related to the Japanese Bobtail, despite the similarity in names.

Types of American Bobtails

The difference in American Bobtails lies in their coat- some American Bobtails have short haired coats, while others have long haired ones.

Physical Attributes of American Bobtail Cat Breed

The most notable physical attribute of the American Bobtail is its stubby, bobbed tail which is about a third or a half the length of a regular cat’s tail. Its coat can be described as shaggy, giving it the appearance of a wild animal. Their coat as well as eyes can be of any color. It is a medium to large cat.

Personality of American Bobtails

Owners and breeders of the American Bobtail have described it as an extremely playful, friendly, energetic and intelligent cat. In some cases though, it may be born scared and may take a little while to open up to its owners. They are considered to be great family cats as they get along with children as well as other animals. They are also known to be great climbers and can get out of cages, boxes and closed rooms easily.

Caring of American Bobtails

There is no specific caring required for American Bobtails, but they are known to have a lot of health issues, especially in older age.

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Siamese Cat

The History of Siamese Cats

It is believed though it is not exactly known that this breed of cats is descendant of the sacred temple cats in Siam now called Thailand. They were called “Moon diamond” in Siam. Legend has it that they keep away evil spirits and bring good luck to their owners and was often seen around in temples and Royal households. They made their appearance in the United States in 1878 when a gift of “Siam” from the American Consul in Bangkok was made to the American President. In 1884 a breeding pair of Siamese cats was brought to the UK by the British Consul-General in Bangkok as a gift for his sister. The breed of cat then soon spread to other parts of Europe and Asia.

Types of Siamese Cats

Siamese cats are of two types. The traditional Siamese cat is apple headed and has a robust, compact body, while the modern Siamese cat has a more triangular shaped head and has a lithe and slender body.

Physical attributes of the Siamese Cats 

This breed of cat is the most popular of all the short haired cats, and is made distinctive by its long, slender body and triangular face. They also tend to have blue eyes and an unusual coat pattern. Their coat tends to become lighter around their neck and body but then darkens on the points of the cat, which are the ears, face, paws and tail.

When Siamese cats are born, they are only black and white. As they grow older, their coat color changes into the dark and light regions. Most Siamese cats are usually black due to a specific gene, and only the points appear in a different color. The points of this breed of cats comes in several colors, such as the blue point, the chocolate point, the seal point, the lilac point, the tabby point and the fawn point.

Siamese Cats – The cats with the most personality

Siamese cats are very temperamental and have outgoing personalities. They are the most social and friendly of all cat breeds. They are very talented at communication with humans. If you are looking for a quiet cat, then Siamese cats are not the way to go. They are extremely vocal and express themselves using their voices. While being affectionate their voices are easy on the ears but when feeling neglected they become quite loud.

Most Siamese cats are very playful and active. They are strangely curious and can be very intelligent. They get easily bored and therefore you should not leave them alone for significant periods of time because they will likely snooping around the house in search of something to play with. Pamper them with affection and lots of attention and they will be happy for your company. Their constant need for attention and admiration makes them great pets for a household with many people or with children.

Caring for a Siamese Cat

The only maintenance these breed of cats require physically is that they need to be bathed from time to time and their coats need to be brushed at least twice a month. Gentle brushing is sufficient as their hair is not very long. Siamese cats can live to be fifteen or twenty years old if they are well taken care of.

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Although the Abyssinian is one of the oldest known breeds, there continues to be speculation and controversy concerning its history. In appearance, Abyssinians resemble the paintings and sculptures of ancient Egyptian cats which portray an elegant feline with a muscular body, beautiful arched neck, large ears and almond shaped eyes. Abys today still retain the jungle look of felis lybica, the African wildcat ancestor of all domestic cats.

The source of the name is not because Ethiopia, formerly Abyssinia, is thought to be the original home of these cats, but because the first “Abyssinians” exhibited in shows in England were reported to have been imported from that country. The first mention is in the Harper’s Weekly (January 27, 1872 issue) where the 3rd prize in the December, 1871 Crystal Palace show was taken by the Abyssinian Cat (“captured in the late Abyssinian War”). This article is accompanied by an illustration of the Abyssinian Cat. In the British book, by Gordon Stables, Cats, Their Points, and Characteristics… published in 1874, there is also mention of an Abyssinian. The book shows a colored lithograph of a cat with a ticked coat and absence of tabby markings on the paws, face and neck. The description reads: “Zula, the property of Mrs. Captain Barrett-Lennard. This cat was brought from Abyssinia at the conclusion of the war…” British troops left Abyssinia in May 1868, so that may have been the time when cats with ticked coats first entered England. Unfortunately, there are no written records tracing the early Abyssinians to those imported cats, and many British breeders are of the opinion that the breed was actually created through the crossing of the various existing silver and brown tabbies with native British “Bunny” ticked cats.

Recent studies by geneticists show that the most convincing origin of the Abyssinian breed is the coast of the Indian Ocean and parts of Southeast Asia. In fact, the earliest identifiable Aby is a taxidermal exhibit still residing in the Leiden Zoological Museum in Holland. This ruddy ticked cat was purchased around 1834-1836 from a supplier of small wild cat exhibits and labeled by the museum founder as “Patrie, domestica India.” Although the Abyssinian as a breed was refined in England, its introduction to that country and others may have been the result of colonists and merchants stopping in Calcutta, the major port for the Indian Ocean.

The first Abyssinians to be imported to North America from England arrived in the early 1900s, but it was not until the late 1930s that several top quality Abys were exported from Britain to form the foundation of today’s American breeding programs.

As described in the Abyssinian Breeders International “Kitten Buyer’s Guide” by Carolyn Osier, “Abyssinians must be one of the most intelligent animals ever created.” This handbook for the potential Aby owner describes these cats as “…a very people-oriented cat. Not a lap cat… but a cat that likes to be with people, a cat that wants to know what you are doing – that wants to help. There is probably no breed anywhere more loyal than the Aby. Once you have acquired an Aby as a companion, you will never be able to complain that no one understands you. Abys are very good at training people to do just what they want them to do.”

Pricing on Abyssinians usually depends on type, applicable markings and bloodlines distinguished by Grand Champion (GC), National Regional winning parentage (NW or RW) or of Distinguished Merit parentage (DM). The DM title is achieved by the dam (mother) having produced five CFA grand champion/premier (alter) or DM offspring, or sire (father) having produced fifteen CFA grand champion/premier or DM offspring. Usually breeders make kittens available between twelve and sixteen weeks of age. After twelve weeks, kittens have had their basic inoculations and developed the physical and social stability needed for a new environment, showing, or being transported by air. Keeping such a rare treasure indoors, neutering or spaying and providing acceptable surfaces (e.g. scratching posts) for the natural behavior of scratching (CFA disapproves of declawing or tendonectomy surgery) are essential elements for maintaining a healthy, long and joyful life.

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