Top 9 most dangerous food for cats

If you want to keep your cat healthy then you know that good food is very important.
But what makes a healthy cat food? What kind of food is best for your cat? And what do you need to know about storing it?
Here’s what you need to know.

What is cat food made of?

In general, cat food made of water, proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals. Cats are meat eaters. They require two to three times the protein that omnivores, such as dogs or humans, do. Proteins are the basic building blocks for cells, tissues, and organs. They can be either animal-based (chicken, lamb, turkey, and fish) or plant-based (soy, vegetables, and cereals).
As strict carnivores, cats eat nutrients found in animals to meet their nutritional needs. That food contains high protein, moderate fat, and minimum carbohydrates. Cats’ bodies are adapted for metabolizing animal protein and fats. And animal-based proteins also contain complete amino acids — taurine, arginine, cysteine, and methionine. These are essential for cats, whose bodies don’t make them in the required amount.
Cats can not use efficiently the energy provided from carbohydrates. Their bodies need a steady release of glucose from protein.
Fat helps cats absorb fat-soluble vitamins and provide essential fatty acids – omega-6 fatty acids and omega-3 fatty acids.

Here is the list of most dangerous food never to feed your cats with.


You are really lucky if your pet has been drinking cow’s milk and had never had any problems.
Most cats are lactose- intolerant. They can not produce the enzyme lactose and can not break down the lactose in diary products.
Opposite to the popular opinion milk doesn’t sit well with cats, in spite of all the images we see of cats lapping up bowls of milk.
If you observe symptoms of diarrhea or dehydration, it is possible that your cat is lactose-intolerant. You should consider purchasing lactose-free brands of milk specially formulated for your cat.


A little tuna is okay. However, if your cat has become a tuna addict, the consequences could be terribly unpleasant. Tuna contains extremely high levels of methyl mercury, especially the red tuna used in canned cat food. For a cat, too much tuna can lead to mercury poisoning.

And that’s not all – tuna canned in oil may also cause an illness called steatitis, or yellow fat disease, which involves inflammation of the fatty tissue in cats and is most often found in kittens. The oil in which the tuna is packed does not have the correct balance of antioxidants to polyunsaturated fats which leaves her susceptible to steatis. The symptoms of steatis include:
pain in the chest and abdominal region
hard, painful lumps
If you notice these symptoms, take your cat to the veterinarian for appropriate treatment. Never leave open containers of tuna on a countertop or in a place that is accessible to your cat.


Both raw and cooked onions contain N-propyl disulphide, a compound that, while harmless to humans, can destroy the red blood cells in cats, dogs, horses, sheep and cattle. The resulting condition is called Heinz body hemolytic anemia.

In a cat or other animal, red blood cells contain hemoglobin, which acts as a transporter for oxygen to the rest of the body. The amount of onion that can cause damage is dependent upon the size of the animal, but a small amount can damage these cells so badly that the body, receiving a decreased amount of oxygen, fails to function properly. Symptoms of anemia include:
decreased appetite
vomiting and/or diarrhea
rapid heart and respiratory rate
blood in urine
pale mucous membranes
If you notice these symptoms, take your cat to the veterinarian.


In small amounts, liver is good for a cat, but too much of it can cause nutritional problems. Liver has a high amount of vitamin A. Consumption of this vitamin in large amounts can lead to vitamin A toxicity, which affects bones. Therefore, NEVER feed your cat any liver, raw or otherwise, if she is also on vitamin A supplements.

Symptoms of vitamin A toxicity include:
deformed bones
excessive bone growth on the elbows and spine

If your cat is exhibiting any of these signs, rush her to the veterinarian. If left unchecked, death can result from vitamin A toxicity.

Fish (Raw)

There is an enzyme in raw fish called thiaminase that destroys thiamin, or vitamin B1.
Thiamin is essential to a cat’s well-being; the lack of it can lead to neurological disorders.
Symptoms of thiamin deficiency are mostly neurological. These include:
loss of weight and appetite
wobbly or uncoordinated movements

If left untreated, thiamin deficiency can lead to convulsions and coma. This is an urgent situation;
if you notice these symptoms in your cat, take her to the veterinarian .

Eggs (Raw)

While cooked eggs are high in protein and make an excellent treat, raw egg whites contain a protein called avidin,
which can deplete your cat of biotin, one of the B vitamins.
Symptoms of biotin-depletion include:
hair loss
growth retardation
If your cat is showing these symptoms, the situation is critical, and she should be taken to the veterinarian.

Dog Food

While dog food contains many of the same ingredients as cat food, never assume
that it is good enough. Only cat food is specially formulated to meet a cat’s nutritional needs.
Cats require more protein in their diet than dogs do, as well as more B vitamins, niacin, vitamin A and fatty acids.
Cats also require an amino acid called taurine, an essential part of their dietary makeup, as they cannot produce
this substance themselves.


Small bones can splinter when a cat chews them, poultry bones being the worst culprits.
These splinters can cut the inside of your cat’s mouth and throat, or get stuck on the way down and choke her.
Additionally, bones can cause obstructions or lacerations of the digestive system. Signs your cat may be choking include:
pale or blue gums
labored, loud breathing
pawing at face
loss of consciousness
Choking on a bone is a life-threatening situation. Try to remove the obstruction,
if you know how and it is safe to do so, and rush your cat to a veterinarian.
Seal off your garbage cans to ensure your cat doesn’t scavenge through the refuse for bony leftovers.


Theobromine, a substance present in chocolate and cocoa, is poisonous to animals.
It diminishes the blood flow to the brain and can cause heart attacks and a variety of other life-threatening problems.
An important rule to remember is that the darker the chocolate, the more theobromine it contains.
If you know your cat has eaten chocolate, contact your veterinarian immediately.
Fortunately, most cats are not so attached to chocolate that they will eat it in large quantities.
Many cats, however, will eat enough if curious, bored, or encouraged to do so because their well-meaning owners,
especially the younger members of the family, believe that they are giving their pet a treat. It is best to keep
chocolate out of the reach of children and their pets.


Welsh Corgi, Cardigan


Originating in Wales, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi is similar to the Pembroke Welsh Corgi. However, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi is considered to be the older of the two varieties. Bred to drive cattle, guard the farm, and hunt vermin, this breed was also an integral part of the family. This breed is relatively rare but is continuously and consistently gaining public recognition.


A small yet hardy breed, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi has a fox-like face and is long and low in build. They are extremely versatile in both thought and action. They possess strength, endurance, and speed. A handsome and powerful breed, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi is also dependable, trustworthy, loyal, and affectionate.


The Cardigan Welsh Corgi has an endearing and delightful personality. This breed is highly intelligent, sensible, alert, and courageous. They thrive on human companionship and are deeply devoted to their family. They are wary of strangers and will guard and protect their family and territory. This breed is best suited for a family with older considerate children. The Cardigan Welsh Corgi gets along well with non-canine pets and with other Corgis, but has a tendency to be aggressive with other dogs. Caution, care, and control must be used with this breed to keep them safe from harm when they are in defense mode. As members of the herding group they will attempt to perform this task with everyone and anything that moves.


This breed requires minimal grooming. They should be brushed with a firm bristle brush on a regular basis. During their heavy shedding period they should be brushed and combed daily. Bathing should only be done when absolutely necessary using a mild shampoo. The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is prone to such health problems as progressive retinal atrophy, glaucoma, cataracts, and back problems.


The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is a double coat breed. The outer coat is harsh, straight, water resistant, and of medium length. The under coat is dense and soft in texture. The hair is more profuse around the neck, the underside of the tail, and the backs of the legs. The coat comes in a variety of colors such as sable, red, brindle, black, blue merle, black and tan, and black and brindle. The coat also has white markings. The Cardigan is a constant shedder with heavy bi-annual shedding.


Eager to please and very obedient, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi benefits from early socialization and basic obedience training. The crate training method is recommended for housetraining this breed. They excel in agility, herding trials, tracking, conformation, obedience, and love to learn and perform tricks. The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is also used extensively as a therapy dog and in search and rescue.


This breed requires daily exercise such as a securely leashed walk, family play session, or a romp and run in a fenced yard. They are moderately active indoors. The Cardigan Welsh Corgi will do well in an apartment or condominium dwelling provided they are given sufficient exercise, companionship, and stimulation.

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The Weimardoodle is created by the crossing of two breeds: Weimaraner and Poodle. They are commonly referred to as “designer dogs”. They are not as popular as many of the other crosses.


The ideal Weimardoodle is muscular, athletic, and hardy. They possess a well-built appearance and intelligent expression.


Affectionate, happy, and loving, the Weimardoodle is cheerful and pleasant. They are also brave and sensitive. They are not recommended for homes with small children due to their large size. Weimardoodle’s do well with dogs they have been raised with but are not recommended for homes with non-canine pets. They are very family oriented and do not do well if ignored or left alone for extended periods of time. Boredom and loneliness will lead to destructive behavior. The Weimardoodle is wary of strangers and will quickly alert their family to visitors or out of the ordinary sounds.

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Boykin Spaniel


A relatively modern breed, the Boykin Spaniel breed is highly regarded for their hunting abilities of water fowl. Originating in the Southern United States, the Boykin Spaniel is designated as the official dog of South Carolina.


The Boykin Spaniel is sturdy, of medium size, and well-built. This breed possesses agility, speed, and endurance. Boykin Spaniel’s are capable of covering any type of terrain in any weather, and are excellent swimmers. They are skilled both in field and water retrieving.


The Boykin Spaniel is amicable, loyal, devoted, and docile. The Boykin Spaniel is an enthusiastic hunter, pleasant companion, and willing worker. They thrive on human contact and get along exceptionally well with children and other pets.
The Boykin Spaniel requires regular brushing to prevent matting. Bathing should be done when necessary. It is important to regularly check the ears for debris or infection. The Boykin Spaniel breed is prone to such health issues as eye problems, hip dysplasia, skin and heart problems.


The Boykin Spaniel coat is of short to medium length, is straight to moderately wavy, and fine in texture. There is light feathering on the ears, legs, feet, chest, and underside.


Boykin Spaniel’s excel in structured agility and obedience classes. The Boykin Spaniel possesses a softer temperament than other Spaniel breeds so does not respond to harsh or heavy-handed methods. They do quite well with motivational training. They require fairness and consistency.


The Boykin Spaniel is not recommended for apartment living. They require daily exercise and mental stimulation or they will become bored and destructive. This breed is exceedingly driven and energetic and do best in a rural setting. They thrive on hunting, swimming, and family activity.

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Facts for Cats – Part 2

 continued from Facts for Cats – Part 1

11. Cats sleep 16-18 hours a day. When not sleeping they are just lounging half of the time.

12. The oldest cat in the world had lived 34 years.

13. Among all mammals cats have the biggest eyes, compared to the rest of the body.

14. While sleeping the brain of the cats is just as active as while they are awake.

15. Even when sleeping cat can feel dangers.

16. Well fed cats are more successful in chasing mice because they are more patient.

17. Cats can see in the dark but can not recognize different colors.

18. Cats can run with speed 48 km/h.

19. Cats prefer living in homes with open doors.

20. The color of the dark spots of Siamese cat depends on the environment temperature. The spots are darker if they live in colder areas.

Part 3 coming soon.

Facts for Dogs – Part 1

Several facts for dogs you may not know

1. It is a myth that dogs see in white and black only. They can see all colors but not as clearly as people.

2. A couple of dogs and their puppies can have a generation of 66 000 dogs in 6 years.

3. The only place where dogs sweat is between the paws.

4. A one year old dog is physically as developed as a 15-year old kid.

5. Dogs raised in the city live averagely 3 years more than dogs raised in the country.

6. Three dogs are survivors after the Titanic sinking – а Newfoundland, a German Spitz and a Pekingese

7. Overweight is the biggest health problem among dogs.

8. The noses of dogs are unique as are human’s fingers.

9. Dogs do not have sense of time.

10. Rin Tin Tin is the first dog – Hollywood star. He signed 23 film contracts with it’s paw.

Part 2 coming soon…

Facts for Cats – Part 1

Some interesting facts for cats not everyone knows

1. While chasing their prey, cats hold their head in horizontal position at the same level, while dogs tilt theirs.

2. Every year about one million cats are being eaten in Asia.

3. The average cat sleeps about 16 hours a day. This means in 9 years a cat is awake only for 3 years.

4. In contrast to dogs, cats do not like sweet things. The scientists believe that this is caused by taste buds mutation.

5. Cats have the best hearing out of all animals.

6. A cat born with one blue eye is usually deaf with the near ear.

7. Cats are real baby-making machines. Just a couple of cats and their kittens can have generation of 420 000 cats in 7 years.

8. Not only the fingerprints are unique. In the cat’s body the nose is also unique in every single individual.

9. In the world exist more than 500 million domestic cats but only 40 cat breeds.

10. Cats make more than 100 different sounds while the dogs only 10.

Part 2

History of cats


The history of cats begins about 60 million yeasr ago with the weasel-like Miacis. It is believed that this small predator is an ancestor of all now living predators, including dogs, bears, polecats and so on. About 10 million years later the Dinictis appeared – the earlies cat’s ancestor , that looked exactly like the modern cats. All now-a-days cats are it’s direct descendants. The family of the early cats developed in two separate branches – saber-toothed and pure cats. The saber-toothed were big and strong but with smaller brain.


They lived about 34 million years. They disappeared about 12 000 years ago. The group of the little cats differentiated about 12 million years ago. They inhabited Asia, Africa, North and South America and their variety fastly increased. The predecessor of our domestic pets – the wild cat and the other relatives appeard about 1,5 million years. All cats – small and big – originated from the small Miacis and the middle-sized Dinictis.

Now in the Felidae (the biological family of the cats; a member of this family is called a felid) exist 37 felids. Out of the domestic cats in the group of the small cats(Subfamily Felinae) also belong the African Golden Cat, the Puma, the Wildcat, the Sand Cat, the Serval, Ocelot (Leopardus) and others. The group of the big cats (Subfamily Pantherinae) includes Lion (Panthera leo), Jaguar (Panthera onca), Leopard (Panthera pardus), Tiger (Panthera tigris).


The beginning of the co-living between the man and the cats is not exactly found. The earliest data of that kind is the Ancient Egyptians attempts to domesticate wild cats about 4000 B.C. Out of that recent researches found ancient tombs with skeletons belonging not only to human beings, but also to cats. These tombs are found in Cyprus and dated about 7500 B.C.

Today the cats are among the most common pets. About 1% of them are pure breeds and the other 99% are crosses between diffrent breeds – mostly the domestic long-haired and short-haired cats.

Domestic cat

The ancient egypteans worshiped the cats believing that they are materialization of the godess Bast (Bastet or Thet). The punishment for killing a cat was death and sometimes the cat’s body was mummified like a man’s body.

In the Middle Ages were believed to be fellows of witches and sometimes were burn alive, thrown from high buildings or just killed, anathematized by the Pope. As a result the rat’s population increased and that led to easily spread of the plague.

Today the black cats are still believed to bring bad luck, but this is not so common. They are one of our favorite pets and bring us a lot of pleasure and happy moments.

domestic cat

Latest cat breeds articles

Choosing a cat

The act of buying a cat should be very carefully considered. Taking a cat and later realizing that you can not take care of it for a reason would be very irresponsible. If you have already decided , you have to think about the breed and the coat color that you prefer. Every breed has its own advantages and disadvantages. It depends on which cat will be most appropriate for you and your family. Long-haired cat breeds should be brushed up every day and if you do not have time for this, you’d better choose another one. Cats like Syamese, Oriental, Burmese, Abyssinian and Blue russian do not need daily brushing, but they are very much different from the calm and patient Persians. Cats of these breeds need a close contact with their human master, and you will have to play with them more often. Otherwise they will estrange and cause you worries. They also become more prone to diseases. Short-haired breeds and european cats, on the other hand, need significantly less care, they get ill rarely and live longer. They are not so expensive, but their kittens are not so popular and desired, unlike the Persian, Burmese and other exotic cats.

The sex of the cats is also of importance. The males are bigger and after reaching the age of virility they begin to smell more. On the contrary the females often bear new kitties and their owner have to take care also for them. A major recommendation for people owning pure breeds is not allowing the cats to leave the house with no control. Animals walking freely out on the streets are set to more dangers – traffic, poisons, parasites, toxic substances. Such animal can also be dangerous for other breeds and for people.
Cats inheriting parks and living outdoors are in fact semi-wild and can hardly live in a closed area. Even being fed by people, they are trying to stay aside and it is not easy to get caught. These cats are easily distinguished from wandering homeless cats, who are more trusting. Being hungry and tired, these cats are friendly with everyone who give her food and housing.

If you decide to take a homeless cat at your home, you should take it to a veterinarian. Otherwise you are risking the health of your family and the other pets you have. You should also know that any animal, raising indoors is prone to infections because its immune system is weaker. It is also good to quarantine such an animal for several days and to always wash your hand after touching it.
It is also important to know tat after bringing to your home a new animal, if you have already a cat, it will be very jealous. The cat is disappointed because will have to share your love. It much depends on the cat temperament, but it is sometimes hard to make it feel more comfortable.

Now a list of recommendations for those of you who have decided to take a cat:

1. It is better to take a little kitty – being more playful and cute, it will bring you more happiness, and will get used to your house faster.

2. Never buy animals from unknown people. It it better to purchase it from its owner or from shelters. In this case you will know the conditions the cat used to live in and you can share with its owner the specific details that are important to you. Besides you have a reasonable choice – you can choose best from all cats.

3. If you can not choose one or you are not sure what breed is appropriate for you, you can consult with a qualified breeder that can rate the animal’s features, health and give you valuable information.

4. When taking a cat you can consult with its previous owner about the food and the temperature , the animal was bred, so you can provide similar living conditions.

5. When choosing and buying a cat think and estimate everything, but do not take an animal on a probation period. Changing its environment will affect its behavior. Do not forget that with time it will become bigger and less playful.

Hope this article helped you with choosing a cat. You can find other cat breeds information here.



The Savannah is a domestic hybrid cat breed. It is created by crossing the wild Serval cat with a domestic cat. Created in 1986, this is one of the newest cat breeds. The first Savannah breed cat was also named Savannah and the domestic breed was a Siamese cat. This kind of crossing became popular among the cat breeders, but it was not until 2001 when the International Cat Association accepted it as a new breed.
Want to adopt one? Get ready to spend up to $ 20 000, even more depending on the genetic influence of the Serval. These cats are very difficult to breed and also there is very small breeding pool. Currently they are illegal in New York City, Massachusetts, Hawaii and Georgia.

Physical features

This cat cat jump 8 feet from a stand still. Savannahs jump higher than any other cat breed. They are incredibly beautiful cats. This is also the heaviest cat – up to 30 pounds. They look like a wild cat. Size is very dependent on generation and sex, with F1 hybrid male cats usually being the largest, because of the stronger genetic influence of the African serval ancestor. Their size may vary even in a single litter because of different factors in Savannah breed genetics.
There is no standard for the coat color, depending much on the domestic breed. Early generations have more lighter coat with darker spots. Breeders often use other wild spotting breeds – Bengal or Egyptian Mau for crossing to keep the coat decorations in the next generations.

Savannahs have tall, deeply-cupped wide rounded erect ears, a feature inherited by the Serval, used as a radar for detecting other animals.
They have also very long legs allowing them to jump high. Another unique trait of the Savannah is it’s hooded eyes that are flat across the top. Their eyes are also very distinct and very beautiful – with a “boomerang” shape, and a hooded brow to protect them from harsh sunlight.
Of course all these features may vary, depending on the generation.


Savannahs are much more social than typical domestic cats, and they are often compared to dogs in their loyalty. They can be trained to walk on a leash and even taught to play fetch. Exposure to strangers can make them more social as some of them are hiding when seeing other people – much like dogs. These cats are also known for their high intelligence. They are also very curious and seek adventures when possible.

Latest cat breeds articles: here

Norwegian Lundehund – the rarest dog breed

On first sight the Norwegian Lundehund breed dogs do not look different than the other breeds. They have four legs, a tail, four paws and… six fingers – yes, that’s right six fingers on each paw. The extra fingers are the first indication that the Lundehunds are not like the other dogs. This is the rarest dog breed in the world and the lest known. The breed comes from Norway and these dogs are specified in sea birds hunting, where the name comes from.
Its name is composed of the prefix Lunde, from the Norwegian lundefugl (puffin), and the suffix hund, meaning dog. The Norwegian Lundehund breed is hunting puffins living on coastal cliffs or offshore islands nearby Norway. There are only 1500 dogs of this breed in the world. In the Second World War there were only 6 dogs alive, because of diseases.

The six fingers are not the only unusual feature of this breed. They are also very flexible. Dogs of this breed are able to bend their head backwards along their own spine and turn their forelegs to the side at a 90-degree horizontal angle to their body, much like human arms. The sixth finger helps the
Norwegian Lundehund in hunting on the slippery cliffs. They do not use it while being upright. Their pricked, upright ears can be folded shut to form a near-tight seal by folding forward or backward, helping them when winding or raining.

Nowadays the dog breeders try to recover the number of the breed. A major problem is that between two and four puppies are being born at a time.
The breed has genetic problems leading the dogs to have no appetite , not being able to absorb the nutrients from the food. There is no cure for this problem and they need a special diet.

Latest dog breeds articles: here

Aegean cat


The Aegean Cat is originally from the Cycladic Islands in the Aegean Sea, where they naturally occur.
This is believed to be one of the rarest breeds, because it is among the newest breeds. Aegean Cat has only recently begun to be bred systematically.
They are much liked for their character and intelligence. In rural areas, they are often seen as the best method of pest control, because they are very capable predators.


The Aegean Cathas been domesticated for centuries and has become very well adapted to humans.
It is a social pet that tolerates living in an apartment rather well. It is intelligent, active and lively and also communicative, not hesitating to draw a person’s attention.


The coat of an Aegean Cat is semi-longhaired, without down hair, with a moderate ruff and a rich tail. The Aegean Cat’s coat provides good protection during the harsh winter weather and sheds out short for the summer. The coat is bicolor or tricolor; one of the colors is always white, without signs of yellowing and takes up between 1/3 to 2/3 of the body. Other colors can be black, red, blue, cream, with or without stripes. The Aegean Cat is a medium-size breed, with a sturdy and muscular build, without signs of obesity. The body is long, with strong, medium-size feet and round-shaped paws. The tail is moderately long, straight, without kinks. The head is medium-size, wide but not round. The ears have a wide base and rounded tips and are covered by hairs. The eyes have an oriental shape and their color can be any shade of green.

Latest cat breeds articles : here

Top 10 Best Guard Dog Breeds

There are a lot of researches listing the best guard dog breeds. They are not at the same opinion but here is an overall summarized list based on over 10 studies .

10 American Pitbull Terrier

American Pitbull Terrier
The American Pitbull Terrier is a result of experimental crossing of terriers and bulldogs. Although usually an intelligent and friendly dog, it has sense for danger and knows when it needs to protect.

9 Boxer

Boxers are developed in Germany by crossing the Bullenbeiszer and the Barenbeiszer – two German mastiff type dogs.
An athletic and energetic dog, the boxer is very courageous and is very suitable as a guard dog. It is often used in the police and when trained by a professional (like most dog that are suitable for guarding) can turn into a really scary creature.

8 Komondor/ Hungarian Sheepdog

Komondor/ Hungarian Sheepdog
The Komodor’s origin goes back centuries ago. His forefathers are the Tibetian dogs. It is specially developed to guard his master’s flock.

7 Brazilian Mastiff /Fila Brasileiro

Brazilian Mastiff /Fila Brasileiro
This breed originally developed in Brazil to protect the plantations by crossing Mastiffs and Bloodhounds. The Brazilian Mastiff is extremely self-confident and courageous dog that is suitable for protecting bigger areas. Naturally a born guarding breed , it do not hide his dislike do strangers.

6 Cane Corso – Italian Mastiff

Cane Corso - Italian Mastiff
This is a perfect protection and watch dog. His origins are in Italy it has been used for centuries for hunting and guarding. It is very intelligent and trainable and can turn into a real beast.

5 Argentinian Mastiff /Dogo Argentino

Argentinian Mastiff /Dogo Argentino
It was bred in Argentina from Cordoba Fighting Dog and other breeds, originally for hunting. It is a very muscular and strong dog needing a lot of exercises.

4 Bullmastiff

The Bullmastiff was a cross of 40% Old English Bulldog and 60% English Mastiff. The result is highly intelligent, less barking and strong dog perfect for guarding.

3 Doberman Pinscher

Doberman Pinscher
Ranked the fifth most intelligent dog, the Doberman Pinscher can turn into a perfect guarding animal. At the same time if trained properly it turns to be ideal family dog.

2 German Shepherd

German Shepherd
Very protective, intelligent and loyal breed, the German Shepherd is the second best guarding dog. (Although considered number one in several researches. )

1 Rottweiler

The number one – the Rottweiler is a powerful breed with well-developed genetic herding and guarding instincts. A dog that is eager to work, if trained properly can be a perfect assistant as a watch dog or a guardian .

Choosing a dog

There are several questions you have to think about before buying a dog.  

Which will be more suitable for your home -small, middle-sized or big dog? Do you have the time and patience for caring over a long-haired dog, or you would prefer  a short-haired dog, which need brushing twice a week? Do you have enough time for walking a sporting and playable breed.

What kind of pet do you need – family pet, companion, for sport , protection or assistance.

Breeds like  Labrador Retriever and  Golden Retriever , are universal family dogs . They are among the most intelligent and most popular dogs and are perfect  assistants in hunting, running and playful  kids entertainers , strong home guards.

From the bigger-sized dog breeds very few, like the Airedale Terrier, do not need a lot of space to play. The most important – The big dogs are scary for the “uninvitied guests”.Dog-toys are са dedicated companions and are very suitable for people who live in big cities or for older people.

You should also consider the money you are going to spend – medical products, equipment, food and of cource the initial cost – depending on the place you are buying the dog, the breed purity, the age.

Top 10 Smartest Dog Breeds In The World

Dogs are the most popular pets and their characteristics vary – shape, playfulness, intelligence. One of the most important factors when selecting a breed is smartness, ability to learn new things, to remember. Here is a widely shared list of the most intelligent dogs.

10 Australian Cattle Dog

Australian Cattle Dog has a high level of energy, a quick intelligence, and an independent streak. It responds well to structured training, particularly if it is interesting and challenging.It is affectionate, and playful pet.[8] However, it is reserved with people it does not know and naturally cautious in new situations.

09 Rottweiler

Having an inherent desire to protect home and family, the Rottweiler is perfect for a companion, guardian and general all-purpose dog. Socialization and training are needed for this dog with exceptional strength , as it is the second most dangerous dog.

08 Papillon

The Papillon is a dog breed of the Spaniel type. It is very playful, curious and likes learning new things. This great companion dog is among the most intelligent breed.

07 Labrador Retriever

Labradors are athletic and love to swim, play catch and retrieve games, are good with young children, elderly, and for protection. They also top the list of the most popular dog breeds.

06 Shetland Sheepdog

These dogs are athletic and healthy, very playful and trainable. The Shetland sheepdog is one of the smartest dogs – an average dog of this breed could understand a new command in less than 5 repetitions.

05 Doberman Pincher

The fifth position in the list is for the Doberman Pincher. It is good at learning, problem-solving, and communication.
This breed, along with the Border Collie, German Shepherd and Standard Poodle, is one of the most trainable breeds of dog.

04 Golden Retriever

The temperament of the Golden Retriever is a hallmark of the breed and is described in the standard as kindly, friendly and confident. Golden Retrievers are particularly valued for their high level of sociability towards people, calmness, and willingness to learn.

03 German Shepherd

German Shepherd is the third most intelligent breed of dog. They have the ability to learn simple tasks after only five repetitions and interpret instructions better than other breeds.

02 Poodle

The number two most intelligent dog is found in different shapes with many coat colors. They are exampled as hypoallergenic dog breed. The poodles are also exceptionally observable and have sense for instinctual behavior.

01 Border Collie

The top smartest dog breed is the border collie. They are have demanding personalities and need mental stimulation and exercise. There are exceptional dogs from this breed known for having more than 1000 words vocabulary . Other hold the record for “Fastest Car Window Opened by a Dog” – less than 12 sec.


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Tibetan Mastiff


The Tibetan Mastiff is independent, protective, and very loyal making him a great guard dog. This breed can become bored fairly easily so he should have lots of attention and stimulation so he does not become destructive.


The Tibetan Mastiff is strong willed and very intelligent, and is good for many different functions, however this breed does require proper training to do so. With the right training, he can do well in obedience, agility, and will do well as a guardian.


The Tibetan Mastiff is not for everyone, but is very affectionate, loving, and loyal. An intelligent breed, he can also be very stubborn and has a short attention span so proper handling is a must.


The Tibetan Mastiff has very little dog odor, but does blow his undercoat once a year making grooming a chore. Regular brushing should be performed during this stage. Weekly brushing otherwise should be sufficient.


The Tibetan Mastiff is double coated, with long and thick guard hair that should be coarse to the touch. The undercoat should be soft and heavy making him resistant to cold weather, however the undercoat will be sparser in warmer climates.


A dominant and strong handler is a must for this strong willed breed. He can become very destructive without the proper training or stimulation. Consistency and variety is key to keep his attention. With this, the Tibetan Mastiff will thrive.


Tibetan Mastiffs should always have regular exercise, but it should be regulated as too much can cause problems with the joints due to his size. Regular walks should be sufficient, but he should have at least a medium sized yard.

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Pharaoh Hound


The Pharaoh Hound is naturally intelligent, well behaved, and very pleasant. Blushing is an endearing quality of this breed. Blushing when excited will steal your heart. Not recommended for a home with non-canine pets as this breed likes to chase things and is a hunter.


Cheerful, quiet, and independent, this breed is wonderful with children making him a good household pet for any child to grow up with. Can be wary of strangers, but will warm up quickly. The Pharaoh Hound is prone to timidity and should be well socialized as an early stage of life.


Doing well in running and obedience sports, the Pharaoh Hound should always be a companion animal. Not good for kennel life, this dog loves to be near his owner. This dog can be active yet calm and collected at times making this dog perfect for a household with children, although they should be properly trained with this breed.


Rubber brushing for the Pharaoh Hound is fine for removing loose and dead hair. An average shedding breed, this dog does not need regular bathing, only when necessary. A very clean and well kempt dog, grooming is not a big concern.


This beautiful and athletic breed has a short coat that doesn’t need much grooming. The coat is short and glossy lying close to the body of the dog. The Pharaoh Hound is weather resistant to a degree.


Training should always be consistent and gentle as this breed can be very sensitive to a harsh voice. Prone to timidity, the trainer must be well experienced with this breed so they’re not to frighten him. The Pharaoh Hound is rather intelligent and can do well in obedience.


The Pharaoh Hound if left outdoors for a long period should be protected from the cold. Does best in warmer climates, but if protected will also do well in cooler weather. A strong instinct to hunt, this breed must have a tall fence as they can easily climb or jump to find wild game.

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Top 10 Most Expensive Cat Breeds in the World

Cats are among the most popular pets in the world. In USA only they are topping the list of total number of owned animals and are close second in the list of the number of owner households. Depending on their rarity and purity their price can vary. Here is the list of most expensive cat breeds:

10 British Shorthair

price : $500 – $1,500

Tenth most expensive cat is the British Shorthair. It is also among the most popular breed of cat registered in the UK. British Shorthair cats are a very popular breed in cat shows. They have a stable character, making them perfect for apartment living.

9 Scottish Fold

price : $200 – $3,000

Ninth place is for the Scottish Fold. The distinctive physical traits of the breed, combined with their reputation as unusually loving companions, make Folds highly sought-after pets and Fold kittens typically cost considerably more than kittens of more common breeds.

8 Sphynx

price : $300 – $3,000

Next in the list is the Sphynx. It is also among the most popular cat breeds. Sphynx is very distingushable as is hairless, but needs a special treatment.

7 Russian Blue

price : $400 – $3,000

Seventh place is for Russian Blue. These cats are known to be very playful , curious and intelligent .The Russian Blue is also known for getting along very well with other pets and children in a household.

6 Peterbald

price : $1200 – $5,000

In the middle of the list is the Piterbald. It is a result of experimental mating of a Oriental Shorthair female World Champion and a Donskoy .This curious, smart and energetic breed has an elegantly slim graceful and muscular build. They live in harmony with other pets.

5 Persian cat

price : $500 – $5,500

Fifth comes the Persian cat breed. They are topping also the most popular cat breeds list.

4 Allerca hypoallergenic cat

price : about $6,000

This is not a real different breed and I will consider make another list without the current number four. These cats are result of genetic researches of Lifestyle Pets, formerly Allerca. Allerca scientists tried to delete or disable the gene that causes most human cat allergies.

3 Bengal

price : $1,000 – $25,000

An extremely beautiful and attractive breed, the Bengal is a hybrid breed of cat, formed by the cross of a domestic feline and an Asian Leopard Cat.
After three generations from the original crossing, the breed usually acquires a gentle domestic cat temperament;However, for the typical pet owner, a Bengal cat kept as a pet should be at least four generations (F4) removed from the Leopard Cat.

2 Savannah

price : $1,500 – $50,000

Our number two – the Savannah cat is a domestic hybrid cat breed. It is a cross between a serval and a domestic cat. Savannahs are commonly compared to dogs in their loyalty. They are also exceptionally intelligent.

1 Ashera

price : $15,000 – $100,000

Ashera is also a hybrid cat the African serval, the Asian leopard cat, and a domestic housecat.
It is very intelligent, affectionate and loyal.
However, the authenticity of the breed has been challenged, as the only known examples of “Ashera” cats have been proven by DNA testing to be Savannah cats – our number two – sold for four times the real price.
It is also maybe the rearest cat in the world.

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10 Most Popular Dog Breeds

Dogs are among the most popular pets in the world, but which is the most popular dog breed. Most sources share the same list of dogs referring to the American Kennel Club. Here is the list:

10 Shih Tzu

DNA analysis placed the ancestors of today’s Shih Tzu breed in the group of “ancient” breeds indicating “close genetic relationship to wolves”.( the prehistoric Chinese wolf, the “Senji”).Originated in China, the breed is well distinguishable for its coat.

9 Poodle

Originating from Germany, nowadays this breed is with growing popularity. It is officially found in different sizes and many coat colors, but there is no one standard as various organizations recognize it differently. Poodles also used for creating of new sub-breeds.

8 Dachshund

The Dachshund’s origin goes back to ancient Egypt. It is also very recognizable for its long body and short legs. Dachshunds come in three sizes, but for his proportions it is described as “a half-dog high and a dog-and-a-half long”. It is very playful but when bored may become aggressive and destructive.

7 Bulldog

The Bulldog is a heavy muscular dog with a distinctive pushed-in nose. There are various types of this breed. It is very aggressive and breeders have worked to reduce it. Generally, Bulldogs are known for getting along well with children, other dogs, and pets.

6 Boxer

The boxer was developed in Germany, bred from the Old English Bulldog and the now extinct Bullenbeisser It is a breed of stocky, large-sized, short-haired dog. This active, bright, energetic and playful breed a is among the most popular dogs.

5 Beagle

Although beagle-type dogs have existed for over 2,000 years, the modern breed was developed in Great Britain around the 1830s from several breeds, including the Talbot Hound, the North Country Beagle, the Southern Hound, and possibly the Harrier. It is a breed of small to medium-sized dog.
Beagles are excellent with children and this is one of the reasons they have become popular family pets.

4 Golden Retriever

It was originally cross of a yellow-coloured Retriever and a Tweed Water Spaniel female dog (now extinct). It is described in the standard as “kindly, friendly and confident”.They are equally amiable with both strangers and those familiar to them. It ranks fourth in Stanley Coren’s The Intelligence of Dogs following the Border Collie, Poodle, and German Shepherd Dog.

3 Yorkshire Terrier

The Yorkshire Terrier is a small dog breed of terrier type, developed in the 19th century in the county of Yorkshire, England. Though small, the Yorkshire Terrier is active, loves attention, very overprotective. It is also popular for shows as it’s long coat is very attractive and distinguished.

2 German Shepherd

The German Shepherd is a relatively new breed of dog developed in Germany. They are bred specifically for their intelligence. German Shepherds are highly active dogs, and described in breed standards as self-assured. The breed is marked by a willingness to learn and an eagerness to have a purpose. Shepherds have a loyal nature and bond well with people they know.

And the number one:

1 Labrador Retriever

The modern Labrador’s ancestors originated on the island of Newfoundland. Labradors have a reputation as a very even-tempered breed and an excellent family dog. This includes a good reputation with children of all ages and other animals. They have very excellent sense of scent and are also known to have a very soft feel to the mouth, as a result of being bred to retrieve game such as waterfowl.
There is a great deal of variety among Labradors.
About 10 % of all dog registrations are labradors.

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The Worlds 10 Most Expensive Dog Breeds

There are not one and two researches for the most expensive dog breeds. The list of course changes from year to year. There are various factors making a dog breed expensive – purity of breed, rarity, intelect. Here is a more recent list. Any comments are highly appreciated.

10 Akita

An Akita can cost around $1,500 – $4,500. The Akita , the national dog of Japan, is a unique combination of dignity, courage, alertness, and devotion to its family. They are however known to be intolerant of other dogs of the same gender, as stated in the AKC breed standard.

9 Bearded Collie

A Bearded Collie can cost around $1,000 – $5,000. It is one of Britain’s oldest breeds. They are good hunting and herding dogs and prefer to be outdoors in any kind of weather conditions. The breed became popular during the last half of the 20th century.
Bearded Collie

8 Pharaoh Hound

Number 8 in the list is reserved for the Pharaoh Hound. It can cost around $2,500 – $6,500. They are considered to be one of the world’s oldest dog breeds. The Pharaoh Hound is an intelligent, trainable, playful, and active breed. It is sociable with other dogs and with people; however, it can be aloof or reserved with strangers. It is typically very open and affectionate with its family and those it knows. It is an independent-minded, occasionally stubborn breed, yet can be submissive when appropriate positive training methods are used. It has a strong hunting instinct.
Pharaoh Hound

7 Tibetan Mastiff

The most expensive dog in the world was a Tibetan Mastiff called “Big Splash.” He was sold for 1.5 million dollars to a Chinese coal baron. Luckily this breed is not so expensive in general and can cost around $2,200 – $7,000.
Tibetan Mastiff

6 Rottweiler

Rottweilers can cost around $2,000 – $8,000. The breed’s history dates to the Roman Empire. They have a massive, powerful body. They are loyal and devoted pets. They are very intelligent and make excellent house pets and a powerful breed with well-developed genetic herding and guarding instincts.

5 Chow Chow

Prized at around $3,000 to $8,500, Chow Chow was a highly popular pet among the rich and famous during the Roaring Twenties. They are dominant, good with children, and good with other household pets when they are introduced to them while they are young. They have a distinct blue-black tongue and straight hindlegs.
Recent DNA analysis confirms that the Chow Chow is one of the oldest breeds of dog. Research indicates it is one of the first primitive breeds to evolve from the wolf.
Chow Chow

4 English Bulldog

An English Bulldog can cost around $2,500 – $9,000. Bulldogs are known for getting along well with children, other dogs, and pets. They can be so attached to home and family that they will not venture out of the yard without a human companion and are more likely to sleep on someone’s lap than chase a ball around the yard.
English Bulldog

3 Samoyed

A Samoyed price is around $4,000 – $11,000. The breed is characterized by an alert and happy expression.
Samoyeds are excellent companions, especially for small children or even other dogs.

2 Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

A Cavalier King Charles Spaniel can cost anywhere from $1,000 to $14,000. It is one of the most popular breeds in the United Kingdom. Since 2000, it has been growing in popularity in the United States.
The breed is highly affectionate, playful, extremely patient and eager to please. As such, dogs of the breed are good with children and other dogs.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

1 German Shepherd

And the number one – The German Shepard can cost between $3,000 to $24,000. They are known for their inteligence. Also known for one of the most popular dog breeds in the world.
German Shepherd

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